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Full text of "Diehard Issue 19"



» 




the Flyer for commodore 8bitters 



SpeeiaJ Amigalc.w Issue !!1 









April Fools April Fools A] 



The Cl%;it's 
about tim&f!l 

April Fools April F(vnU April Fools!!! 



dieHard 

the Flyer for commodore Shifters 



Each issue of dieHard conies packed wilh ititbrmalion lo 
make your commodore work bcUer for you and help keep 
you connected lo other commodore dieHards. Here's what 
you'll get widi your subscription to dieHard: 

■f*' Tips on all major commodore software and hardware 
like GEOS, Super Snapshot, Laser Printers, Fleet 
System, RAMLink and more!!! 

rsf Programming tutorials. Our Basic BASIC column is 
introducing many readers for llie llrsl time to BASIC 
programming. 

^ Type-in programs and more type-in programs!!! 

■»■ Our annual public domain issue reviews the available 
softwiire in ibc public domain and passes the best on 

to you. 

■si' Our annual Rarities issue lists all sources of 

commodore equipment so you can find that program or 
piece of hjirdwarc that you've been looking for. 

•a- And information on telecommunicating, music on your 
commodore, printing, memory management, AND 
MORE!!! 



-..' ^ 





The perfect way 

to stay connected 

to the vast 
commodore 

underground!!!! 



Each month there's a little known 
secret sent to many a dieHard 

il's the companion disk to the magazine -- 



diehard; the Sf inner 
for commodore SSittersi 



Each momh's Splnmr brings you all itii; programs in (In; 
niaga/iin;. I'ktJ's lypc-in |)rograms, Ha.sic llASlC's iixatnpks 
;mij PARSAWs di;nionsiralions come to you already entered. 
No typinji luissles, no mistakes, jusi programs ready to run, 
Tlieii tliere ;irc the Extrm. Tlie Extras are i'RCJs too large lo 
appear in the magazine! See page 33 for current Spimefi listing. 

$45.00 brings (he Spinner to your door! 

(Shh, il's a secret! Wc also offer FtyerlSpinner 
packages - see the card between these pages.) 



subscribe today! 



Please allow 4 lo 8 weeks lo yet ynur fir.sl issue. M;ikc your cticck or muney order payi&le to dieHard. 




^|ji!■;^4l^^wy.^!4li^^!^;w^^^ 



■!^'^W^-^^^Ji'-^?:??TJ" 



The CMD Commitment Continues with More NEW Products and Prices 



mimiKsmmmimmm 



RAMUnk Power-Backed REU 



fWMLrk woi MB RWami 1189.95 

HAMLrk wOi \ MB RAMCard t229 95 

FVMLrh with J MB [lAMCard $349.95 

ReoVrms-CIOti tor RAMCurtl (Oplonal) _S20.00 

RAMLrik BaH(wy Back-up (Optiorafl 524.95 

Parallel Cablo (FlAMljnk lo HD) S14.96 



HD Series SCS Hard Disk Drives 



H&40, 52 MB (Limled SiJpplyJ $395.00 

HCUO. 65 MB (SpShMl Editon) $495.00 

HD-ICO, 170 MB (SfWCkTl GdJtiOil) $595 00 

HD-2G0. 245 MB (Speoal Editon) $695.00 

HD-MS/SOOniKK S795/$99S/S1295 



FD Scries 3.5" Floppy Disk Drives 



FD-2000 (80C« and 16 MB) $179 95 

FtMOOO (eOOK. 1.6 MB and 32 MB) $249,95 

FD H8al.r<nftClod( OptiDn _ S20.00 

Bon o( 10 Higfi DersHf Disks (1 6MB) - S14.95 

Box of 10. Eman^ Densty Drsks (32 kIB) _$40.00 



I 



JiriyDOS 



(Specify computer and tirim serial number) 

MfiOS C64,'SX-64Syae<n S49.9S 

Ji%DOS C-12»12B.D Syilam S593S 

AdliltKnal CUM ROMs S24.95 



MIscellanGous Hardware 



Tclccommunlcalions 



CWtogue 128 $29,00 

EpGedTwni (Atucus) S25.0O 

SwrtLuk BS-232 Carindgs (*B»«biul) $3995 

SwittLrk Mooem Cotiio (DS9-DB35) S9.95 

Cwnmodora 1660 Mxiem (30C bauoTI S1OO0 

BCCA 24C0 Baud Modern $79.00 

BOCA 2403 v«/Swittljik and Cable $119.00 

BOCA 14.4K Baud ModAm $199.00 

BOCA 14.4K w/Swimjnk i CbWb s:29.00 



CMD'B C-1351 CcKTlpsllbkl SmonMouso S49.9S 
GEOS 64 uaO $44 00 

GEOS 128 v20 .._ _ S49.00 

gxCae 64 a gacFta 64 -_.»__^_^^ S40.00 

.S45.00 
.$45 00 

.540.03 
„ $29.00 
..S2900 
.,52500 

..S2S.00 



geoCat 12fl of gaoFila 128 

geoPrograTimer 

geoPuWisfi . ,„.,_ 

geoCnan _ „__, 

Desk Pa* PUjs ..„ 

FONTPACK 

IraomiiMniil FOUTPfCK 

geoBASIC ..,„ -_ 

BeckerBASIC , _ 

RUN CSeOS Componcn 

RUN GEOS POWBf Pak I Dt 



AcfoJe! 

Artxxne Ranger ._ , 

Atom ino , .....H.M.,... - 

BallisliK 

Biad^jack Acadamy 
Blood Monsy 

Ctiomp! 

Conflct in Viertnam 

F-15 Slnke Eagle 

F-19 Slealtti FghiB 

Keitti Van Efons Pro Soooer 

Laser Sqr^ 

Last Hnp H ...™„,„„,,^«.„., 

Mainlrama „... „. 

MarEia Maoiess 

Memea — ___ — 

Nav^ Seat ................. .„.. 

Red Storm Aeng. 

Rings c* Medusa ..... 



$12 00 

..,$16 00 

... $17.00 

$13.00 

$1200 

$1500 

$10,00 

$16 00 

$16.00 

$20.00 

$15 00 

...$13.00 

.,,515.00 

..513 00 

..$13.00 

,..$15 00 

.,,51000 

„.S1600 

,...Sl6.C0' 



SID Syrrrptiony Slaroo Cartricfcjo S39.95 

380,00 

S4s.t>a 

560,00 
$90,00 
$120,00 



GeoCalilB Compatbls Prinl Cable 
2+1 CaittidgG Port Expander 

Xetec Si.t>er Grafj^iur Sr 

IEEE Flush! 64 IEEE Inlerlaoa 
Qtcksiluor 123 IEEE Inieriace 
CMDg cnsi Cixnpatlbke SmadMcua $49,95 

24-p^ EpaofXQfnpatlbIt Piintar. $1?d.00 

C-64. C-64C PoMf Supply (Hepaiaae) ... S39 00 

C-128 Power Suppty (Raparatote) 545.00 

1681*154141 Po«Bf Supply .325,00 

MigmvDi tCM135 Monltaf 5299.00 




.„ 120,00 

.$20,00 

$20,00 

(Speoly) $20,00 

gatfSWay«4 or 128 (GEOS Desktop) S29.95 

Co:lfit!o UlilltBS (Handy Geos Ulilrtes) 319.95 

Parted Pnnt LO loi GEOS (Laser*bg outpvJt)349.95 

gsoMaki^orJt (Makss DoMable copies) $13.95 

geoShel V2,2 (CLl lot GEOS) $24,96 

Dvk^ed GptHflosi Ite iNf*i^',^,.\siji:ir.Uhriir'\i $30iD0 



Muslc/MIOI Soltwarc 



a T KCS64 i ModetT Md InlerlaoB $105.00 

E> T KCS123 & Wooui-T M<» Iraailace .$149.00 
Dr. T AJoattmic Composrw $20 00 

Dr, T i<P MCI EdLb , $20.00 

Or. T CZflder MIDI Edit) _ 520 00 

Dr. T DX-7 MO Ectlb . SZO CO 



;'r^^^!?|Wj.^l!W!.!-i*^Hf|MW^'IHIfj.j.gg 



RUN C128 Firpak,,,.. $15.00 

RUN C6S Gamepak,, $1500 

Sitanl SenrkS) „ $ 1 6,00 

Skate a Do ,„ $13,00 

The Aitiaiing Spnler-tvlaii , $15.00 

Ihe Presideni Is Mi^mgl $1003 

Tlie "Riree Stooges $10.00 

T)Q Bfuak Terwls $1S.00 

Total Edipsa , $10.00 

Uitma III, IV, V (PIsasa Speofyl $17,00 

Wjardry V , $24 00 



Producllvity 



Pooa VMar 2 (64 01 12S) (Digilal Sol) ..,.56900 
Pooiai Wmer 3 (64 or 128) (Or/al &t) . . $69 00 

Pocisa Ranner 2 or Pockel Ftef 2 SKOO 

Word WiSBT 6 (Tine«»ks) _ 530 00 

Sr^jei Scfp 64 or 128 (Preoson) $15.00 

DaB Manager 2 fTinawwia) „ SIBOO 



Productivity Conllnuod 



SubertBse 64 Vcrssyi 301 ;PrrKis«n) ., SJS,B0 
Suportjase 128 Versco 3,01 IPrer^sion) ,, , 53500 

PowofPtan 64 (Abacus) S1600 

SwUCak; 64 (Tirrevvorks) 516,00 

Cadpak 64 (Abacus) 522,00 

CadpaX 133 (Abacus) $26,00 

Ctiartpak 64 (Atacus) 517,00 

Ctiarpak 128 (Atiacus) 526,00 

RUN PioductMty Pak I, II, Of III (Spucrty),,,, 515,00 

RUN Super SlartEJr Pak 1541 or 1581 $20,00 

RIJN Works $20,00 

Skv Travel (AsUorKimv) $2000 



Languages/Compilers 



BASIC W Compfcii [Aiiacusi 517 00 

BASIC 128 Com|>l9r (ABacus) $25 OO 

B*!! 64 Compilet (Skylesj $3000 

BSti* IM Compcter (Styles) .,.....,. $30 00 

Cctol fri (AoamsJ _ $17 00 

ForWn 64 (Abacus) ,.,517 00 

Pascal 64 (Abacus) $17 00 



CMD Utilrltes 524 95 

JitfyMON (ML Manor) $1995 

Dg Blue Reader V4,10 $39 OD 

Tho Compression K(l (Matt K^ SWre) .,,539 00 



Supertiase - The Book $15 00 

1541 Rtpar anri lAiinienarBB GuldB St5 00 

Anatorny ol ttw 1541 ......512.00 

C12S Tnchs and tps $15.00 

C-128 Paets and Pckes $15.00 

C128 CcrnOi,ler AOBfl D8S«r> — $12.00 

Com.TX30ore 64 Tncirs and 1(36 $1200 

GrapnJcs Book fcf cr>e C-64 512.00 

Prrser Bxn far Ire C64 „ $12 CO 

Ideias tor Use on Your C*« $12 00 



^^^ 



^y««.:^Sffi 



f CMD V 

Smart 




Hickory-Dickory-Dock, SmartMouse has got a Clock! 

For years. CaTimodore set Dio standard with the 1351 Mouse, Now CMD lias set a new standard witti the SinarlMouse. 
Gauranteed 100% 1351 compatible, ttie SmartMouse does everything the C-1351 does and nrorel Ttiis tiigtiiy-iiUalliyeiil 
device includes a built-in battery- tjacked Real-Time Clock, and a double-ciick leature for GEOS, Plus, it comes witti a 
complete sot o) utilities, including: Auto-exec for setting the GEOS clock, a Desk Accessory for setting Hie mouso clock 
from GEOS, and BASIC utiiites for setting the clock and displaying time and date on screen. In addition to new features, 
the SmartMouse's ergotiomic design makes it lighter, smoother and smaller than te outdated counterpart. So if your old 
mouse is losing the rat-race, get out of tfiat trap with SmartMouse! 



SCSI Hard Drive for the 064 & CI 28 

HD Seiies Hard Diives ais avai'asi!! in capacides up lo 200 MS, 
aifl (ii% paraiionable, and can emalale 1541. 1571. J 15S1 
disks while Native paitilions utilii« MSDOS-slyte suCdirectories, 
Ugkfi ■ HD'5 connect easily to the serai bus or parallel via RAMLin^^, 

H P Vfirlji jBS. I'><:lu[les built-in JiflvOOS. SWAP feature and Reai-Time-Ciocx. 
^■i^^ a . i ii. — I. .— t HD Series Drives offer suje/ior compatibility wilti most 
couTierciai sofiware inciiiding BBS, P'oductivity a.id GEOS. And with new pricing, HD 
Series drives oiler ttie lowest CCSt'MB ol any C64'12S storage devics. 



1.6 MB and 3-2 MB 3.5" Floppy Disk Drives 

The FD-20(K) and FD-^OM d.si; drives uliiiie todays latest 3o 
inch lectinology. FD-ZOOO's support aoOK (t58i slyie) and 
1.6 MB (High Density} lormals. while the FD4000's cHjt 
support lor the 3.2 MB (Enhanced Density) lormai as well. Fast 
add reliable, they support 1541, 1571 and 1581 stjie partilions. 
Native Mode partitioning and can actually read and wnle 1581 
disks, FDs feature tuilt-in JiflyDOS, SWAP tutton and optional RTC, High capacily, speed 
ar: ::.t;a;:b:::v t.M :t.e FD tight k: over/ ?.cp;oa;:;i, ncjJirg GEOS 




Shipping and Handling Charges 

Usfl Iho crirJrt tiulDw to match yogr ordef suDrol.ii ttilli yojr shipp.rvy /ciiio and mfllhotl. 





Continental United 


states 








Older SubtQlAl 


UPS 
Groutxl 


2nd 
[Jay 


Next 
Day 


HI, PR 


Connda 


Foreign 


$0,01 -Sia99 


$3.00 


se,oo 


$17.00 


S12.00 


$5,00 


$15.00 


$20.00-S29,99 


S5.00 


59,00 


$18,00 


S14.00 


$7,00 


$20,00 


$30.00-$59.99 


S6.00 


srooo 


520,00 


SI 5.00 


$9 00 


525 00 


S60,0O.S14999 


S8,00 


S12.0O 


523,00 


S19.00 


512.00 


$35.00 


$1S0.0O-SZ99.99 


510,00 


514.00 


$27,00 


S21.O0 


$2000 


550,00 


$300.00-5799,99 


S15.00 


sao.oo 


534.00 


527,00 


$25.00 


555.00 


$800.00 t 


S20.00 


$25.00 


S40.00 


532,00 


535.00 


$60.00 



UPS C.O.D. add SS.OO (U-S-TPB onlyj 



Creative Micro Designs, Inc. Orders: (800) 638-3263 
P.O. Box 646, E. Longmeadow, I^A 01028 Into: (413) 52&€Q33 



J|||tt|.l|^^ Speeds up disk access by up to 1 500% while 

EI1uJu£3 retaining 100% compatibility with software 

• Speeds up Loading, Saving, Verilyirg, Foifnaiiing ind fleadingWiiling ol Program, Sequential, 
User and Relative liies unlike cartridges which on^ speed up Loading and Saving ol PRG liies ' 

• BuiJ-iti DOS yftdge plus 17 additonai features including lile copier, text dump, printer loygle, 
and redelinapie functK)n keys make usmj your computer easier and moie convenieni 

• ROM upgraie installs easily inlo mjsl corr-puters and disk drives. Supports C^, 64C, SX^4 
C-12e 120 D 1541 154tC. !D4Ml,157t 1581 and more 




Power-Backed Expandable RED 



The fastesi possible form of storage, RAULink piovides 
instant access lo liles and retains data while your 
computer is lurnsd off. Easy to use and expandable up 
to 16 MB, RAfvlLink utilizes Ihe same poweriul operating 
system found in the HD. RAMLink also offers built-in 
JiflyDOS, SWAP leature, reset button, enable/disable 
swilch, pass-lhru port and RAM port lor REU/GEOHAM use. Ideal for tfiose 
requiring maximum speed, expantfabiiiiy and compaiibility with ail types of 
software and hardware including GEOS. 



l;■l;«a^va^^^ffi!fife^M^.»K.aB.«.^;.a.a,>^«.,a:o««ij 



"Viezi/ from The Underground 

Sy 

(Brian L CrosthwaiU 



Well, 111 is is our lasi 8bil issue of 
dieHard. We will be moving over to the 
16 and 32 bit platlbrnis of ihc Amiga - 
APRIL FOOLS! 

Ok, tliat was a litllc like llic "Ask 
him how his fallicr dances" routine. I 
do enjoy playing around witli other 
computers, but nothing can waiver my 
love and obsession for the 
commodore 8 bit machines. Nothing. 

Sitting where my C64 used to sit is 
ail Atari 520 STLM, where my C128D 
was arc my monochrome and RGB 
monitors for tlic Atari, I have my 
MPS 1250 plugged in, sitting on my 
catalogue case on the Jloor -- this thing 
lakes up more room tliiui two complete 
commodore systems! 

So, where are the C128D and the 
C64? They are in tlie iiielropoltlan area 
known as Downlown Boise. The 
offices ol' LCI I have moved to higher 
ground. So high, in fact, thai I had to 
put on my safety harness and rappel 
down to the surface of iJie planet to 
write tliis. Actually, we have moved to 
the 11 fib tloor of the old Canroirs 
Building. I now have a desk with no 
computer on it. nestled between two "L" 
shaped computer work stations 
crammed with commodore computers. 
My 8032, my VIC2() and C128D. 1 
have a cubic next to my office 111 at 
houses my C64, 64C, plus/4 and CI 6. 

Til is move means a couple of 
things. 1. Things may be a little 
chaotic for awhile -- wc tore the place 
apart yesterday looking for an 
Aprospand cartridge port cxprnision 
unit. 2. Things are a little more 
organized. Wc have inore staff Sandi, 
our new Office Manager, is the person 
you will be talking to when you call 
rather than whoever is nearest the 



What? No May 
'94 Issue!?!? 



You wtli notice ;t profound lack o f dieHard 
4i|rliig May pr 1994. For many reasons, we 
inure) ourseliyes in need of an extra month; ;in<i: : 
ratiier itiaii try to tuoi out two issues in two; 
weeks each, v;e tkx'iticii to cut ;in is.'juc. Tha 
biggest reason we neeJ tilts e.Ktnt month is 
because wc ara going to he (Jistribnted at 
newsstands across tlie country, aiitt we tieeO tlie 
lead time to make it to the shcif. 

This is a big step for us. /Vs most of you 
know, dieEard%\mm\ out as a "flyer" and moved 
into magazine status, but being distributed at 
newstands is a whole new ballgame for lis. 
Needless to say, we are very e.xcited, f'lease 
share wiiii us in die pride we arc ^joing lo feel at 
seeing our dieHard on die newstands. 

This , skipped issue will not affect your 
subscription. Tlie issue numbers will eoniinue 
in line, T\k only change wit! be that youC;; 
expiratioti daiewii) iticrcase by oiic monlh. -sil 

If you have aiiv questions, [ilease feci free 
io adl us at (208) 383-0300 of fa.^ at (2t)8) 
jH.i-tH5!. You can write us. a letter at P.O. 
Box 392, Boise. ID 83701-0392, 

REAOV. J 



dieHard "^^^ 

the Flyer for coinmodore Sbitters is written and compiled on commodore Kbit 
equipmeni. It is then typeset on a C128D computet using geoPublisii. The system 
consists of a commodore 1280 personal computer xvith an internal 1571 disk drive, 
cxlciTial HD-85, FD4()00 and 1581 disk drives, a commodore MPS 1 270 Inkjet 
printer w'illi a CARD7+G p;irallel interface, a commodore MPS 803 dot matrix 
printer, all HP LaserJet 4ML with CMD's gcoCablc compatible cable, a commodore 
:1670 modem, a CMfD^ RAMLink with 1 Meg RAfvl, an Aprospand (y\ cartridge port 
expansion unit running out of the first slot on the R.\MLtnk via a cartridge cxtcnsttin 
cable containing a coranjodore 1764 RAM Expimston Unil cxptmdcd to 512k, a Final 
Carti'idge HI, and a HEARSAY iOtK) voice cartridge, a commodore Datassctte, M-3 
mouse, TAC 2 joystick controller, AMIGA lOSO 8(J,'40 column RGBI/compositc 
monitor and a commodore model 1701 40 column tuonitor. Our masters are printed 
in-hoiise on die HP LaserJet 4ML with GE0Pl)BLASERL8. And the magazine you 
.hold now is prinlftd by Nortliwesl Priivtiiig, )i^(;,^|gE;| jn^^Pj^;§e Jdajw . . 



phone, or whoever happens lo be in. 

Writers' and Programmers' and 
Artists' compensation has also increased. 
Flyer and Spinner circulation Imve both 
increased - the word is getting out. You 
may have noticed the jump in advertisers 
in dH. We all know what that means ~ 
soon to follow - more pages, I can't say 
when, but it should take place within the 
next few months. (Oh, 1 hope! I htipe! 1 
hope!) 

Ok, what are all diesc graphics 
about? Rick Hcdrick, known to some as 
die Cyberteens, quite possibly Auran or 
even anodier alias on Q-Link, has 
submitted clips nuiging frotu the pure 
inadicmatics realm to alchemy (well, not 
quite). 1 think they arc fairly 
self-explanatory. 

Now is not tlie time to panic! CP/M 
and Telecoirtmunications will he btick 
next month! In die meaiititue, read, look, 
learn - enjoy! 

REflDV. 



■1 dieltaril April l'i')4 



\ 



View From The Underground 

More lunatic ramblings from an 4 

EIC gone mad! 

INPUT;READER$ 7 

Rarities 8 

JusTips 9 

Common sense, really. 

Have You Seen LOADSTAR 
Lately?!? 9 

The EIC takes a PDQ look at 
LS! 

Special Cyberspace 
Section! 



Cyberspace Cowboy 10 

Cyberspace -- what else? 

REVIEW! 11 

In the Cyberspace Section??? 



Basic BASIC 15 

This month Basic BASIC looks 
at String Functions, 



Archie Computer 

Injured Engine! 



Q & A 20 

■irjatt'cui:«fii»/;Viuiii)3cr-;vi[>iiuiH 

diehard 



.■H,r lw,t*>4U-ifi'H^ni,' 



l.t:il buys 
CoinmHUorcl 



RUN rruga^ine rulurm 

wlhCONT,lhcirTK:w 
comtTxxio remagMind 

A^h^ Atrf 1^ *ttt r«U» 



CMDs now 

CDKOM64 

Real] and Write 

ANYCDI 



rheC129"ll"s 
about timcl 



diehard 

Ifw flyer (of cwnrnodore SbiltDrs 



FortiMsed im 



DOS & Don'ts 

The Q & D DIR Display! 

PRG 
dieHard Flash 64 

Something is happening! For 
theC64 

Dot.dot.dot 64 

Not so annoying to some. 

Temperature 

Convert temperatures to and 
from. For the CI 28, plus/ 4 
and C16. 

Manic 

Madness of the Musical kind! 
For the C128, plus/4 and C16. 

Something.O 

A screen saver, or a screen 
burner -- you decide. For the 
VIC20, but will run on 
anything! 



24 



29 



17 Trader's Corner 



34 



thag issine: 
GEOS: 
LW_Roma 

LW_B arrows 

Corij 

CoMMOdore 

0-Link: 

L'W_ga[ey 
LW Cowell 



•#***« 







The graphics found in this month's issue were 
done by Rick Hedrick of Arlington, Virginia. We 
will be featuring some of his work over the next 
few months. Enjoy!! 



dieHard, die Flyer for amimodore Shklers tUSPS Pending) is published iiionlhiy exoepl fur Iti-monihly 
issues in Jaiiuiuy/Felmiiu^ and July/ August fur $16.97 per year tiy LynnCiirihy Iniiusirie,';, Inc., Klfi W. 
Bannock, Suiti: 502, Boise, ID. 83702-5850. Application to Mail at Sticond-Giss Postage Rates is 
Pending at Boist;, Idaho. POSTM/\STER: Send address chaises to die}Iard, P.O.Box 392, 
Boise. Idaho. 837ni.03'>2. 



dieH;ird Apnl I4'J-t 



Ed it or- in - Cb ief: B ri an L Crosth w aite 

Managing Editor: Mia C. Crosthwaite 

Ojfice Manager: Sandra K. Plumb 

ilirHurd, Ihe Flyer for commodtire Sinliers is 
puhh.Hhcil 10 limes per year. I'rintcd in U.S.A. by 
Northwest tVtniing, Ine in Biii.se, Idalio. 

Suh.»Kripli(m Rutts: S2.95 for single copy and 
S 16.97 tor one ye;ir .siibscriplion for U.S. and possessions; 
$3.95 iinil $20.97 for Canada (in U.S. Funds); S3.95 and 
S24.97 all otlier eoumries (in U.S. Funds). The Spinner 
single copy price is $5.00 and S45.0O for one yeai 
suiwcriptiiin fur U.S. and piwsessitms; $6.00 ;iiid $55.00 
for Omiidii (in U.S. Funds); and $6.50 and $65.00 all other 
coinilries (in U.S. I'unds). Joint Ftyer/Spinner one year 
subscriptions iire $49.97 for U.S. and possessions; $59.97 
for Canada (in U.S. Funds); 569,97 iill other countries (in 
U.S. Funds). 

SubmiihSiuiis: PleiLse .wnd submissions to dieHard, 
Sulinii.ssion.';, R16 West Bannock, Stiilc 502, Boise, Idaho, 
k:?7()2, Sony, we cannot rctnrn items sent to us unless you 
provide adequate first class postage and containers. 
LynnCarthy Indtisiries, Inc. is not re.'iponsible for any lost 
materials. 

Correspondence: Please address correspondence 
to dieHard. Editors. P.O.Bo)( 392, Boise, Idaho, 
fi:l7ni-0392. Letters or nuestions may be published unless 
specificiilly requested not to. Sorty, we cannot personally 
respond to questions or comments due to the large volume 
of mail received, although the questions w comments may 
be published in dieHard. However, we do read every single 
ielter we receive. 

Advertisinj;: For information on advcrli.sing in 
dtt'Hurd, please contact Mia Crosthw;ule, LynnCarthy 
Industries, Inc., 816 We.st Bannock, Suite 502, Boi.sc, 
Idaho, 83702. (20S) 383-0300, FAX (208) 383-01 5 L 

Dealers: If you would like to carry dieHard in your 
store or nowstand, please contact Mia Crosthwaite, 
LynnCartliy Industrie.'!, Inc., 816 West Bannock, Suite 502, 
Boise, Id;ilu), K3702. (208) 383-03tH). FAX (208) 
383-0151. 

Many of the graphics in dieHard iirc copyrighted by 
Tho.se Designers, 3330 Lewis Ave, Signal Hill, California, 
90807-4706. 

dieHard is copyrigftt 1994 by LynnCarthy Inditstries, 
he. No pari of tliis puhtication may he primed or 
otherwise reproduced without Ihe wrineti permission of 
l.ywtCanhy Imiustries. Inc. The program withut are for 
the reoilers ' lue ami may not be copied or distributed All 
fti;/iM Resened. LynnC;irlhy Industries, Inc. iwumes no 
resfwnsibility for errors and/or omissions, loss of data, or 
any subsequent dmnagc to computers or systems, or any 
other form of liability ;ls a result of either direct or indirect 
use of any information, ixograin, or anything in the Flyer 
or the Spinner known ;us dieHard. C=. commodore 64, 
commodore 16, plus/4, VIC20, PPT, CBM, 
commodore IIX. commodore 12H1>, and such are 
trade [ii;irks of Commodore Business Machine.s. LynnCarthy 
Industries, Inc, is in no way alTiliated with Commodore 
Business Machines. 




Bismullt 




UX Ml. 
Cadmium 



2S% Ht. LcQd 



Hood's Mctol 
Alloij: Mclti 01 
\Al Fahrenheit, 
(I Centiqiode! 
("Kick ipoon') 



12% Ml. lin 



471 



/7\ 



/7\ 



^ 



^\ 



BELLCHARIG 



ff 
V 



/7\ 



^ 



6 dielLud April 1 994 



H 



INPUT;READER$ 

Send us your INPUT! INPUT;READER$, P.O.Box 392, Boise, Idaho, 83701-0392 



Is R.J, Smulkowski 
Slating tliat C64 ;md 128ers will 
be able 10 access Ihe color 64 
BBS at 9ft(XJbiis? [lis "Gee, 
rciiietiiber when it was coniiiioii 
knowledge that I lOObps was [lie 
absolute litnit for aminuHJore 
telccommuniealioiis'.'" bas me 
drooling. Please say it's so! 
(I'm currently using a 2400 baud 
modem hut would bave no 

objection to moving 
upioWOOorbigbcr!) 

A word about your 
advertisers: iliey are 
the most cooperative 
buncb I've ever met, 
Tliey certainly deserve 
all readers' support to 
succeed. 

It's iunazing how few people 
seem to know about Sky 
Travel. It is even more 
;uTia/iug that a program with so 
much runs on a Cfi4, I don't 
know who Roger Gouiii is, but 
he certainly sounds 

knowledgeable. Of course, you 
could say I'm prejudiced since be 
supports so many of my views. 
Programs like Sky Travel and 
The Write Stuff (whicb I'm 
using to write this letter) 
certainly put to shame many of 
the high-priced, over-bloated 
MS-DOS jmigrams on the 
market today. (Just goes to 
show how much clout Big Blue 
has even thout:li it sells clunky 
products.) 1 get plenty of 
laughs when 1 browse the 
computer section of any 
bookstore today. Can you 
imagine paying $20-S;50 for a 
book to explain how to use a 
program for which you just paid 
$2O0-S6(K)? And for even more 
laughs, just read any of the "big 
time" computer magazines. 
Tliey're loaded with anguished 
cries of hel[) from people who 
can't get a program "installed" 




properly or who have 
problems after tlicy finally do 
get ii installed. 

All of which serves to 
remind mc that I'd like to get 
the spelling checker module 
for The Write Stuff, if 
anyone out there has an 
original they're not using. Ed 
Harler of Lcvittown, 
Pennsylvania. 



In an 8-bit world 
where positive ele- 
ments are increas- 
ing!)' rare, dieHard 
stands out as a 
plcfLs;mt surprise. 
Your "Flyer" just 
gets better witli every issue. I 
was especially glad to sec 
Michael Egleslonc's explor- 
ation of the BBS world. I 
totally agree with his view of 
Destemi. It caiue with my 
recently purchased SwiftLink 
RS-232 interface from CMD 
and it's the best terminal 
program I've seen on my 
CI 28. With plenty of menus 
and sub-menus, Uestemi 
supports a mouse and is easy 
to use even from the 
keyboard. I'm still finding 
out just how powerful it is. 
CMD also provides a couple 
of C64 programs and even one 
in CP/M, so a 128 user has a 
lot of options. 

Matthew Desmond's address 
appears in the "About" 
window on Desterni's first 
menu: Desmond Software 
Indusu-ies, 265 Bccchlawn 
Drive, Waterloo, Ont;u-io, 
Ciuiada N2L 5W8. He also 
includes a number of on-Une 
addresses in that window. His 
shareware fee is $25,00, but 
he doesn't specify whether 
that's US or Canadian funds. 



In spite of Commodore's 
best cffons, tiic C64 and CI 28 
live on. Let's keep it tliai way. 
Jack Dodge of Fort Pierce, 
Florida, 



Just a card, Brian, to let 
you know I've been neutral 
about GEOS; I don't love it or 
hate it. However, after reading 
your Jan/Fcb dieHard, I'm going 
to be checking it out. It looks 
worthwhile. I'm amazed at the 
amount of propaganda (and 
noise) on MS-Windows, 
especially since commodore 
users have h.id Windows (aka 
CEOS) for years, Ed Harler of 
Lcvittown, Pennsylvania. 



I must say your magazine 
has rekindled my interest in my 
C64. I atn finding out there is 
actually still support for this 
ama/.ing wonder of the 20th 
century. I've picked up a few 
C64s, several drives, and 
vidous parts lately. I figure I 
got around 250+ disks. You 
talked me into GEOS/Perfect 
Print, etc., etc. I bought my 
first 064 in 1984 and still hope 
to be peekin and a ]wking in the 
year 2050. I also found the 
Gamers Dream caruidge, the 
Super Snapshot V5 still in 
production (.Software Support 
International I -800-35 6- 1197) 
and 1 ordered two. You should 
do a review on Ibis one. It is 
die overall best of my 4 
fastload/ETC caruidgcs. Great 
for gfimes, too. I figure it will 
fastload about 95+% of my 
wares. 

Well, guys, keep up the 
good work! Keep the printers 
rolling, and I will keep 
subscribing! ARF Programs 
94. Mark Gishler, Lincoln 
Park, Michigan. 



In a recent issue of 
dieHard, you gave a reply to 
someone looking for ]k\k for 
tlie cute little eomnKKlore 
1520 plotter. As you noted, 
they are available from Radio 
Shack. It is not too wel known 
diat Radio Shack also had a 
similar plotter - the reason they 
carry the pens. What is even 
odder is that Texas InsU-uments 
and Brother either bad similar 
plotters or equipment which 
used those pens since both 
companies at one time supplied 
such pens. I even have packs of 
tliem. 

TTie real reason for this 
letter, however, is to acquaint 
you and your readers witli the 
information that Radio Shack 
also carries tiie pa|>cr rolls for 
these beautiful little plotters. 
When I ran short recently, 1 
scurried to my most convenient 
R.S. to inquire. Obviously, 
lack of demands precludes the 
retail stores from stocking such 
;in item; but after some prodding 
of the manager, we browsed 
dieir catalogs and finally found 
tiie item - at le;Lsl 1 took a 
chance suicc the listing was not 
clear - and ordered one pack of 
three rolls. When they came, 
they were (he proper ones for 
the plotter. Should anyone 
want such paper, any convenient 
R.S. should be able to order 
same. The stock number is 
10274827 (which the store 
manager said would be used for 
future orders). Tlie catalog and 
package state "Plotter Roll 
Paper for CGP-115 Printer". 
The package also list.s a catalog 
number of 26-1428. The 
three-pack cost me about S7.00 
plus shipping charges. Dr. 
Walter Erbach of Lincoln, 
Nebraska. 



ilicHarJ April 199-1 7 



Rarities 



R. Scol Derrer 




User Groiips 

More atlciitiniis to our ever expanding 
lisi of active comnuHlore user groups. 
Bo Fain 'Botiacious' sysop of the 
BODACIOUS BBS in llie UBAN 
nciworlc wrote us about their local club. 
Commodore Club 2000. As we 
continue into 1994, Ibis list keeps on 

growing and 

imlicatcs striing 

user support for 

com- niodore 

coiiipul- er^. 

Among the 

abuniianl dichank, 

llierc arc substantial 

new members join- ing these clubs with 

new and used computers. Did 1 

mention foreign counU'ies yel? 

Australia, Germany, the UK. and other 

countries are filled with commodore 

enlhusiasls. Here's to anotlicr decade 

of 8-bit computing. 

ABCUG 

POBox 179 

GlcnBurnc, MD21060-0I79 

Commodore Club 2000 
1021 Scarpcngo 
Slueveport. LA7I107 
BODACIOUS BBS (318)929-2414 

Commodore Users of Wichita 
c/o Dale Lutes 
11102W. 17th Street 
Wichita, KS 67212 



Com mo- Hawk 
PO Box 2724 
Cedar Rapids, lA 
52406-2724 




geoNEWS, Journal of 

gcoCLUB 

c/o Peter Hunt 

70BctulaSl. 

Doveton Vic. 3177 

Australia 

New Orleans Commodore 
Klub - NOC=K 
c-64/l2HGroup 

PO Box 850306 

New Orleans, LA 70185-0306 

Tri-City Commodore Computer Club 

(TC-Cubed) 

PO Box 224 

Richland, WA 
99352-0024 



Commodore 64 Public Domain 



Highest Quality Since 19B7* 
Games. Education, Business. Utililies, Priiil Shop, Music, Graphics 
& More. As low as 90* per collecHon, 1 stamp (or complete catalog 
or S2 00 tor catalog AND 30 sample programs (refundable). 
24 hour shipping. 



64 DISK CONNECTION 



4291 Holland Rd., Suite 562 • Virginia Beach, VA 23452 
[" Farmerly RVH Putilicalioris} 




Support 

Some time ago, Yardlcy Beers wrote us 
about his C64 program Luid ;u-tielc in the 
Spritig 1993 issue of ComimmkalUms 
Quarterly, should we be interested. 
Well, of course we were and we began 
researching. After three libraries and 
locating another publication called 
CommHnicatum Qtmrwrly, tlic correct 
source was found. We called them and 
they graciously sent us a complimentary 
issue. These publications pursue the 
latest in communications technology and 
arc [[uite interesting. If you arc into 
HAM radio, CB radio, microwave 
antennas, satellite dishes, and various 
electronic devices and gadgets, tlien 
you'll love this stuff Yardley Beer's 
article is called ONETWORES, a C64 



program for the analysis of single anil 
double -resonant dipolcs, and is about 
antenna analysis. 
For more 

information write: 
Coinmutncatiaiis 
Quarterly, 76 N 
Broadway, Hick- 
sville, NY, 

11801. 



Send us your group's news- letter! Dt> 
you or someone you know support the 
commodore 8-bit market? Send us 
your info todav.jtnd vy e'll spotlight them 
right here iti 
Rarities. 





dieUard 
ATTN: Rarities 
P.O.Box 392 
Boise, Idalio 
83701-0392 



And remember - long live the Universe 
of commodore! 



RE ADV. 



S dlcH:u-J .\;iril I'J'M 



JusTips 



Vs Have a Problem 

by Eti Brciincr 



Many programmers arc fond of using 
llic Idler "I" as a variable. Ii's a 
perfectly good variable, except with 
some saiis-sarif typefaces il's difficult 
to tell an T from a "1" or an "1". So if 
you are debugging a program you wrote 
and see a line in your printout such as: 

l(J()ah=Il 



you must look closely to sec whether 
AB=eye-eye, or AB=eye-eil, or 
AB=eye-one, etc. 



So, if the problem 
should happen to be 
in line 100, it's easy 
to miss as you skim 
through the listing - 
particularly when you 
arc expect iug to see 
the "1" and you 
accidentally typed in 



the letter "1" which looks so much the 
same. Solution: Don't use "I" as a 
variable. ^^^^^ _ 




ESCAPE ROUTE 

The Adventures of 

Eric Hawthorne, PA. 

C-64orC-128ln64MODE 

ACTION/STRATEGY/BOARD GAME 

Catch the Infamous ICELADY before she crosses Ihe bonfarl 

Fun for all agest 

$t9.95 Check or Money Order 

CREATIVE PIXELS LTD. 
PO Box 592. Library , PA 15129 



Have You Seen LOADSTAR Lately?'/^ 



? 



Have you seen LOADSTAR 
lately? Would you believe it's on 
3.5 ineli disk? Yt;s, you can got 
LOADSTAR an 3.5 inch disk in 
1381/FD fonnai. Tlie old 1541 
format is still aviiilable. I just 
loaded il into my computer with 




here (rather, there)! You can see 
il al your leisure. 

BASICS:, HYTHS:, 

BITS: Viirious levels of 
programming lor programmers 
(ind non-programmers alike. 
TTiesc arc definitely learning 



.lifTvDOS and an FD400fl drive 
seconds! (1 fiiei like I'm in ihe Ws!) 

l>iskovery (where Fender speaks from 
ihe Tower) and Soapbox {where Jeff, well 
soapboxes!) are editorials by the masters 
tlicmselves -- Fender Tucker and Jcffcry Jones. 
Tliere is a table of contents, the usual kudos 
and caveats, and ;t iMudsiar forum, 
LOADSTAR Briefs (where you can write 
LOAD!iLAR, subscribe, print out text from 
LOADSTAR), where readers' questions and 
concerns are addressed. . You will find a New 
Users area, a submission form, and a nifty 
table of contents printer tliat prints a tiny 
disk-sized table of contents for storing with 
your disk. 

Did your Super Snapshot garble the 
LOADSTAR opening screen when you booted? 
Never fear! Tlie Title Screen Viewer is 



in ten areas. 



User Croups is an area that, until 
recently, included dieHctrd. (Tliey moved our 
mention to the iMadsiar Letter, 
that's the paper portion of the 
LOADSTAR reality.) ' 

Otlier on-disk areas include: 

Brainware - pu/.zles and 
other challenges await! 

Musicware - famous | 
music stars - it's like buying a 
SID CD each month! 

Funware - fun things like [ 
games, animations, <ill kinds of ' 
tilings! 

Helpware - they're not all fun and 
games. LOADSTAR #//7 has a program called 
Memories that generates poetiy and plays 
music. Then tlierc ;ire Stratagems. Tliesc are 



great little game altering modules that allow 
you to get past that level you've been stuck at 
the last few montlis! #117 also has yearly 
TAX WAKE featuring Tax Accountant! 

LOADSTAR is full of color and sound, 
U^uly a remarkable experience - one 1 highly 
recormnend. I give this one the rarely seen BLC 
6 stars. 

LOADSTAR is available from Sofldisk 
Publishing, 606 Common Street, Shreve[K)rt, 

Uuisiana 71101, (318) 
221-8718 OR 

1-800-831-2694. 3 

months is S29.95 (US), 
S34.9.5 (Can/Mex). 

$39.95 (other foreign). 6 
months $49.95 (US), 
iS59,95 (Can/Mex), 

$69.95 (other foreign). 
J 12 months $89.95 (US), 

" — " '^ $ 1 09.95 (Can/Mex), 

$129.95 (other foreign). 
Or 24 months $149.95 (US), $189.95 
(Can/Mex), $229.95 (other foreign). Check it 
out today! 

READV. 




dicHard April I'Wl 'J 




Cyberspace Cowboy 

Wcll...lhcrc have been a few new 
add i lions to (Jic Delphi Commodore 
Gopher Hsl. Some of tlic more loaded 
syslems accessible are ccosun.cal- 
Icch.edii (CalTcch archive, USA) and 
flp.cs.dal.ca {i^alliousie Uiiiv., 
Ciuiada). Tlie CalTcch arcliivc contains 
lots of general commodore sluff, and 
a GEOS area. Dalhousie Univ. has 
lots t)f C128 goodies and loads of GIFs 
and terminals. More general listings at 
nic.funct.il (FUNET archive. Finland), 
and they have a directory for Mt)jo Mag 
(sec Mt)jo Mag Review, page 3, April 
1993 dwUni-d). ucsd.edii (Univ. of 
California at San Diego, USA) has 
listings lor Ions of SID and MIDI tiles. 
If it sounds like I'm trying to tell you 
that there is a wealth of commodore 
llles clown in those Gopher holes, ihat's 
because Ihere really is. Anyone who 
joins Delphi to get Internet access, don't 
forget to attend a Friday night 
commodore coni'crence, AH the 
regulars will be there ED_P, 
DRPEPPERl, MOJOED, SLEEPY- 
LOIS, sometiincs ELLEN, and if you're 
really lucky MUI-'I-Y (also known as 
she who must be obeyed) may drop in. 
The conferences start at (i:()() PM 
Oasiern Time every Friday night, ajid a 
good time is had hy all who attend. 

We've been talking about selling 
up a BBS in recent installments of this 
column. This month. I'd like to address 
what I see to he a real problem facing 
the telecommunications hobbyist - the 
sensationalists in the media and tlieir 
campaign of misinlbrmalion again.st 
anything or anyone they don't 




e r 




Check or Money 

OrHfir paydhli? 10 
Angelo Pasquella 

PO Box 71 

Benchwood, NJ 

08722-0071 



understand. When was the last time you 
heard anything positive said about a 
hacker in die media? Hacker wasn't 
always a derogatory term, quite the 
contrary! The badge was once worn 
widi pride by iliose who had achieved a 
high degree of proficiency in computer 
related skills. But the media has turned 
hacker into a buzzword which conjures 
up images of sociopathic insomniacs 
trading stolen credit card numbers. How 
much mention did tlie media make of the 
.scores of hobbyist owned and operated 
BBSs which, during tlie Persian Gulf 

conllict, used tlicir 

network conneciions 

to forw;ird electronic 

mail 10 loved ones 

serving in that 

operation. And these 

BBSs offered this 

service free of 

charge, I might add. 

Several BBSs in my 

area have directories 

full of GIFs and 

descriptions of missing persons, mostly 

children. Another fine public service use 

of our skills and equipment. 

The public must be educated. And, 1 
will admit, we must be on our best 
behavior. To this end, along comes the 
American BBS Association (ABBS A). 
To become a member, you must operate 
a BBS which is available 24 hours daily 
and agree to the ABBS A Ethical 
Standards. Tlic standards follow: 

1. I will iiiH use (ir ;illi)w my HU.S lo 
bo used for illL;|^;i) ;iL:tiviiy, 

2. 1 will 1101 allow my BBS lo be 
used lo disu'ibme Pirated or Copyrighted 
software except wbere .software Copyriglu 
and/or Licen.se afirocimiiitK sIx^ci^leally 
allow electronic disiributioii; and if .such 



soltwarc is uploaded to my hoard without 
my knowledge, I wiU remove it when 1 
am made aware of it. 

3. t will restrict access to adult 
material by minor.s and 1 will make At, I. 
laiASONABLE fiFFOin'.S lo verity that 
a caller is 21 years of age before allowing 
that caller access to adult material 

4. If 1 run a Public BBS, 1 will not 
refuse access to any individual on the 
basis of age, sex. religion, race, or ethnic 
origin except res uict ions lo s[x:eific 
conferences thai ;ire necessary to provide 
Private Conferences for p.ulicular age, 
sex, religious, racial or ethnic groups, 

5. T will support and promote the 



Umtar N«w Ownarthip ;■ 



BULLETIN BOARD 

of the 90*1 



THE RELEASE OF SERIES V... $69.95 



SERIES tV ALSO AVAILABLE S39.95 

Add $5.00 in USA, $9 DO in Canada lor shipping Er handling. 

VOICE: 90B- 349-9187 M-F 10im-Spm« 7f«i-10fm<EST) 

MODEM: 908.341'0945 24Kaur llWZimbpt 

Foi C64 or C128 in C64 mode. 



Right of Freedom of .Speech and the free 
exchange of ideas ;imoiig individuals, 

Sounds pretty easy to live with, 
doesn't it? For more information on the 
ABBS A, the Internet E-Mail address is 
acf)3 8 @ day ton. vvrighl.edu or US Mail 
is: American BBS Ass'aciation National 
Office. 7r Wi'Sthike liifoimatio/i 
SYstems. 2603 N. Main Street, Daytott, 
Ohio. 45405. Don't forget to include a 
stamped self- addressed envelope to help 
this organization with the costs. 

(Aiiifriain DBS A.s.sii«:ilii)n anil ABUSA iirs 
Service Mark.s of Ihc Anicriuin BDS AssociiUion 
(19^2)1 



REf^DV. 



lU itiJl^uil April ly*).l 



s 




ace 



I 



REVIEW! 
BobsTerm Pro 

created by BOB LENTINI 
TMvit'vvBd by Noel Plank 

"Tlic Last Telccoinraunicatians Program 
You Will Ever Need!" 

More and moic home compiiitir owners 
;ire using llicir PCs for on-lint; cnteriainmcni, 
iiiul loleconiniunicaung lor fun is becoming a 
growing national pastime. It can also be an 
expensive and a fruslraung expi;rieiice if the 
terminal program you ;ire using doesn't portbrm 
properly or is eon fusing and hard to use. 

BobsTerm I'ro is truly I he best 
lelecommunieaiions software program for both 
new and experienced users alike. The software 
disk. i,s not €opy protected so you can easily 
make a back-up, hut it does require you to 
insert a supplied Dongle-Key into Joystick Port 
2 before the program will run. By allowing you 
to make a back-up of the system disk, you can 
plaee phone directories on your back-up or even 
permanently change the default settings to your 
own requirement,^ without fear of destroying 
your master. Tliis program features window 
overlay menu screens and comes with an 
excellent easy to follow 1 00 page protessional 
spiral hound manual. 

The manual itself i.s very thorough and 
even explains how to customize parameters so 
you can use it with virtually any modem, 
printer or Bulletin Board system you are ever 
likely to encounter. 

Tlie progr;ini itself supports one or two 
1571 's or a 15KI disk drive including its double 
sided CP/M cai>abilities. Tlie 1750 RAM 
Expander is not supfwrted, however. The 
BobsTerm Pro operates in the 80 column 
RGB! mode and emulates VT-100, VT-50 and 
80 .(^DM 31 (CP/M type) terminal p;ir:imeters 
and you can create your own custom terminal 
setups, 'lliere is even a remote mode to answer 
your phone and provide callers with your own 
greeting. It will also track the number of callers 
and allow them access to all DOS and 
transferable modes. Private pass words arc also 
available to screen access in to vour mini BBS 



too. 

Other features of BohsTerm Pro include 
file transfers in most common formats including 
CP/M. Tliis emire file process allows viewing 
of all data being transferred through a unique 
on-.screen window. Other data transfers include 
the "NI-W" Punter, standard Xmodem (plus two 
additional choices of CRC are available), 
ASCII/PETASCU conversion for sequential 
files, Bin;iry (program), sequential line with 
prompt wait, entire C64 to C64 disk transfer, 
XON/XOFF, ;uid DC1/DC2 capture. 
BohsTerm Pro also allows control of the 
60K buffer {234 blocks) for file uransfers using 
protocols mentioned above or for full screen 
editing of tlie emire buffer area. Included in this 
buffer area arc the ability to strip, add or replace 
character editor. Tliis is very useful if you 
upload wordprocessor files with control character 
scrambling the document. Simply replace the 
undesired control character with a blank space 
and your document is cleaned up in a couple of 
key strokes. 

BobsTerm Pro displays a Status line at 
the top of the screen at all times providing 
important information such as carrier detect. 
Buffer ON/Off, Buffer Bytes Remaining and 
much, much more. It also supports the use of 
MSD Dual Drives or even tlie old 1 Meg 
commodore drives. A complete DOS on or off 
line supprl section is provided along with file 
conversions for Program/Sequential, ASCII 
Image/Program, Strip Source Code Comments 
and C128/CPM files. Automatic log-on 
sequences can also be accomplished without any 
user intervention by using your own custom 
created Macro Shings. Just imagine adjusting 
Itob.sTerm Pro to automatically time dial 
your favorite long distance BBS System at 2AM 
while you ;ire sleeping. After setting up macro 
files diat log your name and password, the 
macros direct the BBS computer to the E-Mail 
section, turn on your buffer to store the read 
messages, then log you off. You can then 
review your E-Mail at a rea.sonable hour and. 
best of all — "Roger, you're pushing no 
buttons!" 

If all this weren't enough, all RS-232 
PariLtneters from baud trim control to baud rates 
up to 2400 may be adjusted for your particular 
set-up. Hoh-sTenii Pro supports auto dialing 



and rcdial for both pulse and tone where 
applicable for the following modems: CBM 
1650, CBM 1660 old and new, CBM 1670, 
Westridge, Tiic Lynker, Mighty-Mo, Hes I & 2 
Total Telecommunications, Master Modem, 
Hayes Smarimodem 12(K) and compatibles, II 
even supports adjusting these pre-set operating 
fonnats to aliow use wilh most any modem 
now in production. Included in the appendfx of 
the manual is a section on modifying the old 
CBM 1660 Modem/300 to the newer upgraded 
version with a carrier detect circuit. 

BobsTerm I'ro- 128 has .so many 
leaturcs I haven't even touched on. Tliese many 
options set this program apart from other 
terminal progr;mis because they allow you to 
customize most any parameter any way you 
want and yet still remain easy enough for a first 
iimeu,scr. 



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OF USE iXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ! 

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USER !XXXXXXXXXXXKXXXXXXXXXXX; [ 
MANUAL iXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX: 1 

+ +_, + __ + _-4.__4._, + __+ — + __ + __ + 

SOFTVJARE ! XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ! 
PERFORM- 1 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ! 
ANCE [XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX) 

+ + -- + -_ + --+--+-- + --+-- + -- + --+ 

CREATIVE IXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX : ! 
PROGRAM- IXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX : ! 

ING IXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX : ! 

+ + ._ + _. 4.. _ + _. + , _ + __ + -- + -- + — + 

!1 !2 !3 !4 !5 !6 17 !8 !9 ! 

/ / / 
POOR/AVERACE /GOOD /SUPERIOR 
/ / / 



I 



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dieHard April] ')94 11 



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international Shipping $10.00. 

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DHLS34 



Cybereviewl 



I 




Supra Modem 2400 tompaircd lo CiiriiimHluit' I(i7i) uuHlfni. 



REVIEW! 

SupraModem 2400 

reviewed by Noel Plank 

Imagine traiisfcrriiig a 3R2 Xmocicm 
block fik via mndein ui iln; ligliuiiiig speed of 
4 rain. 40 sec. Tliis is possible when using 
the highspeed SupraModem 2400 hooked up to 
your computer witli an approjiriale RS-232C 
cable/intcrt'ace and a software progriun 
supporting 2400 baud. The most commnn 
rates ot" d:ita u^ansmissioii are 300 and 1200 
baud, the fonner triinsmitting approximately 30 
keyboard characters per second, and the latter 
about 120. Now even faster 2400 baud 
modems such as the SupraModem 2400 arc 
again twice as fast as 1200 baud and becoming 
more popular among local Bulletin Board 
Sysicms. 

WHO YOU (JONNA CALL? 

I was not in the market lor a new 
modem, but one day T found my comnuHlore 
specific 1200 baud modem would no longer 
function because of a single custom made 
plug-in integrated circuit. After calling all over 
the country to companies advertising custom 
chips for sale on comnioilore computers, I 
discovered that this chip w;ls noi available. If 1 
wanted my commodore 1 670 modem 
repaired, 1 would have to send it in for an 
cxchimgc since the manufacturer does not 
supply individual replacement parts for tins 
item. 

JUST THE FAC'l^ PLKASE! 

T liked my 1670 modem even though it 
only accepted a few of the HAYES commands, 
would auto-answer tlie telephone by itself 
anytime the computer was lumcd on, and the 



carrier output was 
negative. making 

.software designed for the 
HAYES siundiird not 
completely compatible. 
Tlie 1670 is small in 
siw mid plugged direcdy 
into die user port, 
requiring no additional 
power supplies, iuid has 
a built-in speaker for 



monitoring the connection process, 

SO MUCH MOKfc;. 

Tlie SupraModem 2400 is only about 
1-1/2" wider than the 1670 modem and has a 
separate jxiwer supply, which means it doesn't 
draw any extra current from the power supply in 
die compuler and has a convenient on/off power 
switch on the front of the modem so it can be 
turned on only when needed. It is fully 
compatible with the industry standard HAYES 
"AT" command set and transmits data at 300, 
600, !2(X) and 2400 bits per second. It offers 
auto-answer and automatic pulse or tone dial. It 
includes a programmable nonvolatile memory 
that stores a telephone number and custom 
configuration widiout DIP switches, 

HOOKlN<; IT Ul* MADK LASY: 

The SupraModem 2400 does require a 
special RS232C uiterface lo hook up lo your 
C64 or C12H such as Uie Aprolcc Com-Modcm 
Adapter* plugged in between die user port and 
die modem cable. Even though this is an exU'a 
expense now, you will come out ahead if you 
later want lo use it on another computer, 
because you won't have to buy a new modem. 
Hooking up Uie interface is easy. Place the 
interface switches lo the modem position and 
connect it between the computer's user port and 
the SujiraModem 2400 serial connector, Tlien 
plug in the phone hnc to the back of the 
modem. 

SO MANY FKATURES. 

SupraModem 2400 docs send back a full 
tirray of "RESULT CODES" eitlier in numbers 
or English words such as "CONNECT" or 
"RING" for example. It automatically switches 
to the correct baud rate and displays this rate to 



the lenninal screen. This has been very useful 
by indicating the baud rate coming from the 
host computer, thus allowing you to adjust your 
teniiinal parameters while on hne in order to 
iratislaie data correctly. This modem also 
features eight status indicator lights as sliown 
below that report all modem functions as diey 
occur. You can customize the way your tiiodem 
works by changing die settings of the 28 
eight-bit "$" registers diat comprise the achve 
configuration. This is useful for setting up a 
BB.'v for an unattended answer mode operation. 
You can even adjust the modem's speaker 
volume by typing in "ATL" for low, "ATL2" 
for medium (default) or ".ATL3" for high 
volume, or turn it off witli "ATM". The 
spcjiker's volume is much too loud even at its 
lowest setting which is really the only fault I 
can find with this modem. One of the unique 
features also not nomially found on all 
Hayes-compatible modems is its ability to 
recognize "BUSY" sigmds when dialing. It 
hangs up the hne before the software instructs a 
hang up and redial, which minimizes the 
annoying repeLitive busy signal over the 
modem's spe;iker. 

CURE 'WITHOUT A PROBLEM. 

As when adding any component to your 
computer system, when you shop for a modem, 
figure out what your needs iire beforehand so 
you end up with a unit that solves more 
problems than il creates and one thai keeps as 
many doors open as possible. 

This one gets a: 



« « H * FANTASTIC 



w « « K GREAT 
w M M GOOD 
« « POOR 
* REALLV BAD 
READY. 



Available lor .$74,95* CAT;D0i567 
(* Apro tec Com -Modem Adapter required for user 
port, $15,95 CAT:C02386) From: Software 
Sttpport IntenjationaL -STOOiiN. E; li^ntiresec 
Rd., #A- 1 0, Vancouver, W A, 9S66 ! , 



dieHard April 1994 



TECH STAR COMPUTER CENTER 

7036 188th South, Kent WA 98032 

(206) 251-9(M0 

Serving the Northwi=>rs Commodore' (\miga L'onununity since 1984 

Coromodore .Authorized Sales / Rqiair / Scrvia: Center 

DECEMBER REFURBISHED SPECIALS 



Commodore C 64 /64 C $ 89.00 

1541/11 Disk Drive $ 89.00 

Star Gemini U Printer $ 1 19.00 

StHr 1000 C Printer $ 129,00 

Composite Color Monitor $ 1 19.00 

1581 $ 149.00 

1902 Monitor $ 169.00 

1526/ 802 Printer $ 79.00 

MPS 100 Printer $129.00 

OKI 10 Printer $ 69.00 

Star 15X Printer $119.00 

Epson LX 810 $139.00 

(1)LT. Kemal64 $395.00 

(1 ) CBM 40/40 Dual Floppy $ 200.00 

90 DAY WARRj\NTY (SMIE.-iS NEH'!) 



Commodore SX 64 


$ 249.00 


1571 Disk Drive 


$ 139.00 


Commodore 128 D 


$ 249.00 


Commodore 128 


$ 149.00 


1525 Printer 


$ 69.00 


Enhancer 2000 


$ 69.00 


Thompson Monitor 


$ 169.00 


MPS 801/803 Printer 


$ 79.00 


SGIOC Printer 


$ 89.00 


Star lOX Printer 


$ 89.00 


Star SGIO 


$ 89.00 


Joysticks from 


$ 5.95 


(I) LT. Kernal 128 


$ 495.00 


C64 Power Supply 


S 39.95 



1»R!CF.S DO NOT RI^FI.F.CT S 12.00 SHIPPfNG CH/\ROE 



Commodore Repair Specials 



C64 


S 50.00 CI 28 


S 70,00 




D128 S 70.00 




1541 


S 50.00-99,00 1571 


S 50.00-99.00 


1581 S 50.00-80,00 








SOFTWARE SPECIALS 






Sri.VKK !)[,A]>i;S 


15.00 


DEATH KNIGHTS 




15,00 


ItKJL RADIANCE |SS1] 


15.00 


MAKVEI.MADNl-SS 


10.00 


LaRUSSA!]ASE»A].I 




10.00 


GEITSBERG (SSI| 


10.00 


CHAMPION KRYN|SS[| 


10.00 


GATEWAY (SNI| 




10.00 


AZUIiE BONDS 


10.00 


TYi'HCX)N STliFl, [SSSl 


10.00 


HARMONY [ACCLOAHE) 


7.00 


BLUE ANGELES 


7.00 


ACi' OF ACES 


7.00 


JET BOYS 




7.00 


FRIGHTMARE 


7.00 


SOKO-BAN 


7.00 


XEVIOUS 




7.00 


TIGER ROAD 


7,00 


PHARAOHS REVENGE 


7.00 


INSTACAI,C 




7,00 


PRACTICALC 


7.00 


RICK D/\NOF.ROUS 


7,00 


XENOPHOBF. 




7.00 


PRO SOCCER 


7,00 


SAVACSi; 


7.00 


C/\S1LE WOI.EENSTEIN 


7,00 


BEYOND WOLFENSTEIN 


7,00 


»[-:i;(A PA TROt. 


7,00 


/\X1S ,\SS/\SS!N 




7.00 


L,\ST GLADIATOR 


7,00 


CirESSM/\STER2(»0 


7.00 


ZOOM 




7.00 


SERVE & VOLLEY 


7,00 


FAST BRE.\K 


7.00 


TYPING -RH-OR 




3.00 


DAI- ABASE 64 


3,00 


DA'1VVB,\SE 128 


3.00 


BOP -N' RUMBLE 




3.00 


SUPER HLT^Y 


3.00 


KJCKM.tN 


2.50 


DE.'d)LlS¥. 




2.50 


SUSPENDED 


2.50 


BLUEPRI^T 


2.50 


CLTTHROATS 




2.50 


HOUTHNI ESCAPE 


2.00 


ENTERTAINMENT TRIMA 


2.00 


MASTER TRIVIA 




2.00 


SPORTS TRIVIA 


2.00 


MOFJY DISK 


2.0O 


NEOCLIPS 




2.00 


JOT A WORD 


2.00 


COMPUTER XWORDS 


2.00 


INVADERS LOST TOMB 


2.00 


CHERMBYL 


2.00 


R)RU1I)])EN FOREST 


2.0O 


BEYOND HIDDEN FOREST 


2.00 


SPITE S MALICE 


2.00 


KNi;CKFR HOLE 


2.00 


MEDIAJOR 




2.00 


SLINKY 


2.00 


M/\STERSOFTlME 


2.00 


DEFCON 5 




2.00 


,\DVENTURE TRILOGY 


2.00 


HIGH NtX>N 


2.00 


SWIFT DATA 




2.00 


SNAKEHYIES 


2.00 


SQUISHEM 


2,00 


REPTON 




2.00 


SUPERM.VN 


2.00 


JAWBREAKER 


2,00 


PRINTER DEVIL 




2.00 


PRINTER DEVIL 11 


2.00 



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CALL OR WRITE FOR ALL YOUR HARDWARE / SOFTWARIi NEEDS 
HUNDREDS OF SOFTW/\RE TITLES IN STOCK / CALL FOR AVAILABILITY 

Customer Hours Monday-I'riday 10 to 6 Sattirday 11 to 5 Pacific Time 
SALES AND SERVICE FOR ALL COMMODORE 64 / 128 / PLUS 4 COMMODORE AMIGA 



[lg@8E [IfflOE 



by P. Sect DErrer 



BasicBASIC is a series of columns on the rules and 
leciiniques of BASIC programming. So far we have looked at 
llic BASIC commands, PRINT, GOTO, FOR-NEXT, 
INPUT, GET, GOSUB, POKE, storage fundamcnlals; string 
and numeric variables and arrays. String variables can be 
easily manipulated in BASIC programs by using a set of 
BASIC commands called string functions. This month we'll 
look at five commands seldom discussed. These functions are 
STR$, RIGHTS, LEFTS, MID,$, and LEN. 

Jogging Our Memories 

Before presenting these string functions, let's briefly review 
the printing of string variables on the screen. String variables 
arc used to manipulate and abbreviate string information. This 
information includes letters, words, punctuation marks, editing 
commands, numbers, colors, and graphics not used in 
calculations. 

10 A$ = "DIEHARD " tB$ = "RULES !' :PRINT A$+BS 

RUN 

DIEHARD RULES! 

The above example demonstrates how to define two string 
variables, A$ and B$, and then display the contents of tlicse 
two variables concatenated together on the screen. The 
conienis of the string variables arc enclosed by quotation 
marks. Siring variables always use the S as pari of tlie variable 
name. 

Manipulating String Data 

String data can be accessed with a great deal of control by 
using the RIGHTS, LEFTS, ;md MID$ string functions. 
These comniimds let you read and print all, or part of, string 
data. Since pictures are worth a tliousand words, here is an 
example of how this concept works. Type and RUN this 
program, 

10 A$='LEFTMIDDLERIGHT" 

20 PRINT LEFT$(A$,4) 

30 PRINT MID$(A$,5,6) 

40 PRINT RIGHT$(A$,5) 

RUN 

LEFT 

MIDDLE 

RIGHT 



Here's the way these three functions work. 
LEFTS, (string,x) points to the furthermost left position in the 
string through the x posifion to the right. In diis case, x is 4 
so we start at tlie left and select the first four letters, grabbing 
tJic word "LEFT" from the string. RlGHTS,(string,y) points 
to the furdicrmost right position in the siring through the y 
position to the left. In this case, y is 5 as wc want to grab the 
word "RIGHT" from the siring. MEDS, (string x,y) uses two 
coordinates. The x designates the starting position and die y 
designates the length. So we look in position 5 for a length 



Bictfls<flt;.3> 




LEFI»<M,-(} 



The following example 
of the contents with each 



of 6 to grab the word 
"MIDDLE". Easy, If y is 
omitted, BASIC assumes a 
length to the end of the 
siring. 

Any of these three 
commands can be used to 
grab all or part of the 
contents of a string variable, 
demonstrates how to grab all 
command. 

10 A$="LEFTMIDDI.ERIGHT" 
20 PRINT LEFT$[A$,15) 
30 PRINT MID$(A$,1,15) 
40 PRINT RIGHTS (A$, IS) 
RUN 

LEFTMIDDLERIGHT 
LEFTMIDDLERIGHT 
LEFTMIDDLERIGHT 



On the C 128, MIDS has a special concatination ability. The 
€128 can insert strings into oilier strings! In the following 
example, the six spaces in A$ are replaced witli the B$. 



10 A$="LEFT[6 spaces] RIGHT- 

20 MID$(A$, 5,G)=B$ 

30 PRINTA$ 

RUN 

LEFTMIDDLERIGHT 



:B$="MIDDLE" 



Determining String LENgth 

A useful command is LEN, which determines the length of a 
previously defined string variable. Using the siring from the 
previous example, here is how the LEN command works. 



(lieHuni April 1994 15 



10 a$="leftmiddle:right" 

20 PRI^^^ lem(a$) 

RUN 

15 

Tlic string variable is defined and coniains a predefined and 
kntnvn value, "LEPrMIDDLERIGHT", The LEN command 
can also assist in determining ihe length of an unknown string 
viiriablc. This is useful in Error Checking ihc contents of a 
suing variable for validity. Let's take a simple example, such 
as the entry of a 5 digit zip code in a pretend address program, 
'i'ype the following program and RUN it. 



5 DIGIT ZIP CODE 

THEN GOSUB 70:GOTO 10 
THEN GOSUB 80:GOTO 10 



10 PRINT EOTER 

RETURN": INPUT ZC$ 

20 IF LEN(ZC$) > 5 

30 IF LEN(ZC$) < 5 

4 PRINT "THANK YOU" 

50 END 

GO REM ERROR SUBROUTINES 

70 PRINT "ZIP CODE TOO LONG 

500: NEXT: RETURN 

80 PRINT" ZIP CODE TOO SHORT - RE-ENTER 

TO 500:NEXT;RETURN 



PRESS 



RE-ENTER": FOR T=l TO 



:F0R T=l 



To test the two error routines, enter 1234 and then 123456. 
Lines 20 and 30 check for a length of greater or less than 5, 
send the program to tlic appropriate error subroutine, and Oien 
rc-cxccuie the program with GOTO 10. The FOR-NEXT 
loops in the error subroutines are so the error messages stay on 
the .screen long enough to sec them before going to line 10 to 
re-execute the program. Entering 12345 will, of course, be 
considered correct. Since we haven't added any code to check 
for numeric-only entry. ABCDE is al.so considered correct. 

STRinj^ng In Tlic Ruin 

The last oi' tlicsc five string functions is STR$. This function 
converts a numeric value into a string variable. This is useful 
when you have numeric input that you need to check the 
LENgdi of for data validity. Remember, the LEN command 
only returns a length for string variables, not numeric 
variables. Because of this, we need to convert numeric only 
data into string format to check llie length. Type in the 
following program, 

10 PRINT"ENTER YOUR AGE-PRESS RETURN" : INPUT A 

20 A$=STR$(A) 

30 PRINT'YOUR AGE OF'A$" HAS" LEN{A$)-1 "DIGITS" 

The reason we subtract 1 from the LEN in line 30 is because 
there is a blank automatically put in front of all po.sitive 
numbers by BASIC. This is to display a minus sign in case 
the number is negative. This blank is carried over when 
converting from numeric \. triable to a string variable. My age 



of 41 has twt) digits, hut die computer thinks it has three until 
one is subtracted from iJic length. If you enter letters instead 
of numbers for your age, you gel a ?REDO FROM START 
error message generated by BASIC. 

I hope you have enjoyed attending this String Function. 
Practical applications for these live functions might he in 
games like word, number, and puz/lc programs, analysis of 
data entered by the computer user, and tlic error checking of 
answers to questions. 

REfkDV. 




ATTENTIONl 

Commodore 1 28D Owners... 



• Switch the built-in 1571 drive from device 
8 to 9, or from 8 through 1 1 fronn front 
panel. 

• Reset the drive from front panel. 

• Reset the computer frotn front panel. 
^ Power-up connputer from front panel. 

For information write to: 
L. L. Pankey 

1712 Sanla Margarita Drive 
Failbroott.CA 92028-1641 

Enclose a stamped self-addressed envelope. 



16 die Hlu J April 1994 



Archaic,^ . 

The Computer Store Oj Ihe Tost 



omputer 



In June 1984, at the Chicago 
Consumer Electronics Show (CES). 
Commodore Business Machines bcg;ui 
asking C64 users, dealers and 
manufaelurers of hardware and 
software what they wanted in a new 
computer. Commodore's view was not 
to make another plus/4 computer with 
new chip designs so different that 
incompatibility with the C64 was 
unavoidable, even though they felt ii 



introduced 6ij 9^e[^kn^ 

really didn't matter since the two 
machines were aimed at different 
markets anyway. Nine months later at 
the winter CES in Las Vegas, die CI 28 
was bom and Comnnodore promised to 
promote continuing support widi a 
mouse and Jane 2.0, die icon-based, 
picture-driven software series of 
programs for this 100% C64 compatible 
machine. 



Injured Engine 



Imagic 1984 

reviewed by Noel Plank 

Available from: 

TENEX Computer Express 

56800 Magnetic Drive 

MISHAWAKA. IN 46545 

(800)776-6781 

INJURED ENGINE Cal# 97891 

$19.95 (plus $5.00 postage) 

The program loads in 
approximately 2 minutes, with a short 
kind-of-dated iircadc style music and a 
logo screen of a red sports car. A 
joystick must be plugged into port 1 to 
move the highlighted bar to select the 
desired option by pressing llic lire 
button. You must first choose between: 

NORMAL SmULATlON 

or 

TR0UBLE5H00TER CHALLENGE 



Widi NORMAL SIMULATION 
highlighted, pressing the rirc-butlon on 
liic joystick reveals the logo screen with 
anodier set of options: 



EASY 
(1.000) 



MED 
(40,000) 



HARD 
(80,000) MILES 



With EASY highlighted, press the 
joystick and ;mother screen shows a 
colorful cross-section profile of a 4 
cylinder 8-valve water-cooled piston 
engine. Below die engine is a display, 
featuring tachometer, charge, 

temperature and oil gauges. You arc 
also given a small silhouette of an 
automobile that indicates POLLUTION 
LEVEL by displaying smoke billowing 
out die exhaust pipe as engine parts wear 
out. Additional highlighted options and 
indicators include: 

THROTTLE 27 



In 1984, 1 bought my first modem, 
a 1650 commodore Auto-Dial, direct 
connect 300-baud modem at a price of 
$129.95, I .started subscribing in 
January to the llrst issue of a new 
magazine called RUN^nd began reading 
reviews about a new automotive 
program called Injured Engine, but 
somehow never purchased it unul 
recently. 




REPAIR SHOP 

OPTIONS 
MILES OO54S0 
$/MILE 00.08 
MPG22 

THROTTLE is highlighted. Press the 
llre-bulton while pushing forwaid on 
the joystick ;md yt)u hear die cranking 
speed and revving of the engine 
depending how far forward you nK)ve 
die joystick. The pistons .start going up 
and down, changing color, indicating ihe 
firing order along with the positioning of 
the cam .shaft.. A 11 ex- fan even spins and 
becomes llattcncd out as die RPMs 
increase. The object here is to watch 
your gauges, pollution level, don't over 
rev the ihrotllc to the red line, and move 
the highlighter bar to REPAIR SHOP 
every 3,000 miles lo change the oil. If 
you don't follow dicsc guidelines, your 
engine will soon start making .squeaking 



Jiclliirtl April 19'J4 17 



noises and come lo ;m abrupt stop. 

REPAIR SHOP highlighted 
provides yuu witli another set of 
optitins: 

IDLE 

TIMING 

OJL FILTER 

AIR FILTER 

FUEL FILTER 

SPARK PLUGS 

OIL 

ALTERNATOR 

BATTERY 

VOLTAGE REGULATOR 

IGNITION COIL 

DISTRIBUTOR 

ELECTRONIC IGNITION 

STARTER 

RADIATOR COOLANT LEVEL 

WATER PUMP 

THERMOSTAT 

RADIATOR HOSES 

CARBURFn'OR 

FUEL PUMP 

OIL PUMP 

VALVES 

PISTON RINGS 

EXHAUST MANIFOLD 

EXHAUST PIPES 

CATALYTIC CONVERTER 

You can move the highlighted bar 
10 each item to citiicr TBST/INSPECT 
or ADJUS r/REPLACE; but remember, 
cverytliing you replace makes your 
dollars per mile indicator go higher, 

[ Ibutul thai the CATALYTIC 
CONVERTER keeps indicating "very 
worn", the ALTERNATOR was putting 
out "16 VOLTS", and even though the 
OIL was ciliier "LOW" or "DIRTY" the 
OIL EILTER always indicated it was 



"CLEAN" after about 5,000 
miles. 

While in tlic repair 
shop, you can also move 
around a check mark with 
llic Joystick to various 
points on the engine for 
in-deptli pictorial tours of 
die meclvanical and electrical 
systems, hicluded are 
rccommeiKicd maintenance 
schedules along with 
descriptions of the 
individual components and 
functions widiin a ga.solinc 
engine. 



PRODUCT EUflLUr^TION REPORT CARD 



I 




■ 
I 



: + : 
I 
I 
I 



+ = + 

■ I 

■ I 
I ■ 



OUERALL 
PRICE 
UALUE 
+ + -- + — + — + — + — + — + — +-+ 

EASE '.^^^^^^^^^^^^^^mi 

USE ! ■^^^^^^■■■■■■^^^ ! 
.J. 4. + -- + — + — + — + — +-+ 

USER !^^^^ !!!!!! 
.MANUAL !^^^^ !!!!![ 
+ + -- 

SOFTMARE!H 
PERFOR- !■ 
MANCE !■ 



+ — + — + — + — + — +- + 



+ + -- + -- + + + + + + - + 

CREATIVE !^^^Haii^^! 
PROGRAM- !^^^^^^MH! 

.ING '.^^^^^^^mi 

+ + — + — + — + — + — + — + — +-+ 

!1 !2 !3 !4 !5 16 !7 !8! 
+ — + — + — 4. — + — + — + — + — + — + 

/ / / / 

/POOR/AUERAGE/GOOD/SUPER 



TROUBLESHOOTER 
CHALLENGE highJighted brings you to 
the logo screen with a time clock on the 
boUom section. Press the lire button and 
you're thrown back into the 
cross-section of the four cylinder engine, 
but don 'I even bother trying to start it. 
You must first find one major problem 
before ihe engine will begin to run, by 
nipping through the REPAIR SHOP 
menus and testing and replacing worn 
out parts one by one. In this section, 
die Alternator keeps indicating 16 
VOLTS even though die charge gauge 
indicates slightly to the right of center 
scale. This is not the major problem you 
are looking for, because replacing the 
Alternator does not stop the clock on the 
bottom of the logo screen nor allow you 
to start the engine. After finding tlie one 
niajor problem in the engine, the 
finishing lime is displayed. You are dien 
asked lo find two additional major 
problems, then tliree, etc. 



CONCLUSION: 

Aldiough the graphics display of the 
engine's moving valves, cam shafls, and 
pistons along with its piclorial diagrams 
and explanations arc very educational, il 
would be more interesting if more 
interaction were involved. Tliis program 
kind of reminds me of the CASTROL 
SYNTEC FSX oil commercial on 
television, where die engines arc drained 
of oil and st^irtcd until each one freezes up 
all except the one with CASTROL oil. 
Unlike that commercial, however, you 
cannot pull the oil plug; instead, you mu.sl 
cither over- rev the engine or go witliout 
maintenance for a period of time lo seize 
up the engine. What fun! 

READV. 




^^^^ 



IS tllL'H.ird A pill l*)')i1 



ARCTECH SOFT 

Your source of politically Incorrect 

Software for the C64! 




PBS 



Send for disk #1 which has two Demos, MVD and PBS. To order, 

send $3.00 to: 

ARCTECH SOFT 

P.O. BOX 56911 

NORTH POLE, AK 99705-1911 

Shipping is free. Mailing to Alaska is the same as the 48 states -29 

cents. Look for us in the classified section in future issues of 

DIEHARD and the LOADSTAR LETTER. 



SiftfiatCcmpilfr 




INFO on 'Colchicine* and 'Colchiceine* 
(compound ^s 2437 and 2438, pages 
351-35? Merck IndRx inlh Rdition). 



H H 




MW; 
399 43 



Colchicine: pale yel- 
low powder, m.p. 150 
C; One gram dis- 
solves in 22 cc water 
' Doubles vegetable 
chromosomes (gen- 
etics). Veterinary: 
' gout suppressant. 
■ anti-febrile (cat) 
' ? possible anti-arth- 
-rilic ? 



Colchiceine: 
MW: 385.40 

I^P 179 C 
50% lethal dose 
84 mg/Kg (mice) 
(NOT Colchicine) 



H H 



CH. 



H H-4^ 



H 






H 



NH-C-CH 



Note the dif- 
ference here 




COLCHICEINE (compound* 2437. page 
35), Merck Index, 10 th edition): NOf the 
same (NOf) as Colchicine (described 
above). Toxicity described above . 



ABdUe blAgRAQDS ANi> IHpO 
CAN Be pt>UNi> IN CDGRCK 

lNi>ex, lOrTi cDiriON. 

* COLCTjICING 1)AS bggn 

useD IN AgRicuLruRG ri) —^ 



qROcju ycRy 

LARQG SIZGD 
UGQGrABLGS 

AND FRuirs. 



(As (at as knouiit: not toxic to humani) 



tiniinin 1 1 ll H 1 1 1 1 1 1 ir 1 1 1 U T TT tt t t itTTirTnTTrTTTTi n 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1' 




*Rjtk. ch«c 2ie tlie tnj^^cil Utidi t^ Irttifc I'vir rvcr sf en!" 



Q: Our soil slarlcd a 
non-pro II I corporation to help 
the disabled. He is disabled 
hiniscir but doesn't let that 
stop him. He delivers Motor 
Meals (Meal.s on Wheels), 
has all sorts of tilings to do 
Ibr the local Kiwanis Club 
and now has a pin for 13 
years perfect attendance. He 
helps the Red Cross and the 
Salvalion Army. And he is a 
professional photographer! 
His non-profit corporation is 
"Furtliering Independence for 
tlie Disabled". I found that all 
of the brochures have been 
used; luid when I went to the 
Amiga disk that has tlie text, 
tlie primer, WordPerfect, and 
1 came to a violent divorce. 
Thus this Icller. FID, as we 
call it. Inids things that will 
help die disabled. Wc have 
provided help to 12 people in 
the lasl year, all but 2 with 
computers. First we get them 
donated, then have them 
checked (at $2.\()() per unit I) 
and repaired, if needed. Then 
we locate a way to help 
whether the person is blind, 
physically disabled, or 
whatever. 

At present, wc arc out of 
money except for our 
family's help. But wc sire not 
out of computers lo help 
tliem. In the entryway of our 
house is a clone of the 
IBM-XT. It demands to have 
the room lemperalure over 70 
to 75. (It needs help but we 
will wait to get it Hxcd until 



20 ilicHiird April l')y4 





p 




doniilions come in again.) In the 
basement, there is aii early Wang, a 
MAC without a disk drive, and a few 
assorted others. On llic porch is part of 
an Apple needing parts. 

Also in the front room arc the three 
WORKING commodore PETs, from 
8000 to 9000+. Only an accounting 
thing called OZZ came with these PETs. 
No word processors. TTicse are the 
most vital things to help people, tJiat and 
the voice we are used to on the C64, on 
the wonderful "SAY" of the Amiga. 

We tJiought we had arranged for a 
(cheap) donation of word processors for 
these PETs. IT HAS NOT COME. 
Thus, we hope your magiizinc will find 
modestly priced ones. The PET.S have 
printers, but after this many years are 
ribbons available? 

Can (UeHanl or its readers help us. 
Tlicsc arc about NEW PETS! BUT 
what to do to help our clients? M. 
Robert Khngcr of Ann Arbor, 
Michigan. 

f: R. Snyder of 1192 S. Nome, 
Suite B, Aurora, CO, 80012, 
specializes in PET and CBM 
equipment.. He may be able lo set you 
up. Are there readers out there who can 
lend a hand? 

□: 1 am using a KX-PII24i printer 
with a Super Graphix interface and a 
1541-11 disk drive, I have the interface 
set lo Epson, Panasonic printer, the 
mode is set to 1525 Emulate and the 
font is set for normal. For a printer 
driver I use either the Epson JX-KO or 
the NX- 1000 Rainbow. I would like to 
know if there is a better combination of 
Super Graphix setting or print driver 
that could be used widi the KX-PII24i 
printer. Walter Asp of Florence, 



Oregon. 

f^' Set die printer in Epson mode, 
use the Epson emulation on the interface, 
and use Epson PXm, FX85, or EX850 
print driver. 

Q: I have a C64, a 1541-11 disk 
drive and a MPS 801 printer. I use 
programs lliat I can buy - two 
databases, two word processors, and a 
spreadsheet. Do you have any 
suggestions to offer on programs which 
would run well on my setup? I am also 
interested in a philatelic program and a 
good copy program for copydisk and 
copyfde for a single disk drive, Robert 
Elliott of Swansboro, Nordi Carolina. 

f\'. Printshop as well as Fun 
Graphics Machine will support your 
setup well, Take a gander at last 
mondi's issue for tax programs 
(hopefully) you've already seen this 
since it is awfully late). I recommend 
Maverik. It supports ju.st about 
everydiing you could want in a copy 
package. You can even copy many copy 
protected programs. It makes copying a 
brcc/e. Maverik and Printshop are 
available from Software Support 
Inteniadonal, 2700 N. E. Andresen Rd., 
#A-10, Vancouver, WA, 98661. If your 
local user group can't supply you with 
FGM, you can write to the .source. 
FGM Connection, P.O.Box 2206, 
Roseburg, OR, 97470. 

□: In the Nov 93 issue, I read 
about other publications diat are new to 
me. Can you give me mailing 
information about them? Random and 
C64 Alivi'1 Jonel Eisenmann of 
Nederland, Texas. 

fi: Random Magazine, 7161 N. 
Maine, Clovis, CA 93611-8200. C64 



Alive, P.O.Box 232115, Sacramento, 
CA 95823. 

Ol Fleet Sy.stem allows me to 
modify the printer driver so I can get 
underiining, italics, bold and all other 
print enhancements when using my 
printer's resident fonts in NLQ mode. I 
would prefer to use geoWrite; it's 
faster aivd much easier lo use lJi;m Fleet 
System, geo Write lets mc access one 
of my printer', s residenonts (Courier) in 
NLQ mode, but I can't access underline, 
italics or bold print, I can access dic.sc 
features using GEOS fonts in the 
high-tjuality print mode but the 
document looks shabby when compared 
to one which was printed using NLQ 
and the printer's resident fonts. 

Is there any way for a non-hackcr 
lo modify the print drivers supplied with 
GEOS? If not, is there a printer driver 
available commercially diat would do the 
U-ick? (didn't like Perfect Print) J.R. 
Crawford of Haughton, LA. 

fi: I know of no such driver, nor 
an easy way to alter GEOS print 
drivers. Unftirtunately, when 

geoWrite's NLQ was made, dicy 
didn't make an easy way for 
non-programmers to access the print 
codes for whatever print driver you 
select. There have been a number of 
NLQ-type drivers made, but they use the 
interpolation method found with the 11 Q 
drivers of Perfect Print. If you really 
wanted to go all out, you might consider 
a PostScript printer. The Laserjet 4ML 
sells for just under $1,000, but diis may 
seem a little drastic. An alternative might 
be to check into The Write Stuff. It 
has only 7 commands to learn for text 
functions and will support your printer's 
internal fonts as well as styles like 



(licH^ifd April IWl 21 




p ? 








underline, bold, italics, etc. Il is last 
aiid easy to icam. For more info, write 
to Busy Bcc Soflwarc, P.O.Box 2959, 
Lompoc, CA, 93438. 

Q: Do you know of a company 
that will repair my Commodore Colt? 
"No Keyboard Scan-Code" is Ihe error 
condition reported. George Frainey of 
Forcstbill, CA. 

f^' If your local commodore 
shop doesn't service clones, you might 
try Sodak Electronics Inc. in South 
Dakota (1-800-201-3004), Tech Stiir 
Computer Center in Washington 
(206-251-9040), Global Upgrades Inc. 
in New York (l-8(X)-426-8693), or 
scan the pages of (JH for other possible 
service sources. 

Q: I have been having problems 
with Abacus Personal Portfolio 
Manager for the C64. This program to 
maintain and report on stocLs and 
securities by portfolio requires security 
data he loaded by slock symboLs (e.g. 
IBM, MMM) and automatically enters 
those symbols in upper case. When 1 
try to print a report on my Okimatc 10, 
the symbols as well as all program 
provided headings appear as graphics 
characters. 

The "print report" .section provides 
a printer code option lo change print 
type. I have entered code 17 for cursor 
down which should make the report 
readable - but it doesn't work. I have 
used a Star Micronics Gemini lOx 
printer with similar results, except it 
prints foreign characters instead of 
graphics or the desired English capital 
letters. Bodi printers work fme on other 
software, including word processing 
programs. Any ideas on how I can get 



a good report printout? Alan S. Brown 
of Morris Plains, NJ. 

f\'. The code you need to send to 
llie printer is noi cursor down but rather 
lowercase or text mode. This is 
probably die correct code (17), but you 
may have to put your interface in text 
mode and possibly transparent mode as 
well. My MPS 1270 in Epson parallel 
mode will not always respond to the 



remembers how to use it. 1 want to get il 
running for my nephew and diought I 
could just Stan from the beginning as if I 
had just bought it, going by tlie manual. 
However, my husband says the software 
can only be installed once. Does having 
die computer turned off for several years 
erase the memory? Leslie Vakassian of 
West Hempstead, NY. 

f\l Leaving the computer off will 



SPINC FESTIVAL ■ TfiKE 50y OFF THE TOTdL OF YOUR DRDEfl! 
Vg 1 1 d a/DI-GI/?"! - i( TOu untt diaHard nn tout ordtr! 
C-64 * C-13a » C-IE » Connodort */4 Conputir SoHHort 



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EO/»diic,-CE/q«ijq,-UT/uti I 
PSCfoph STATE fl/3 Blk/d 

ITEM . COST t 

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back Qt 00/ DS ditdt 3t 
« I » JIU HEHL CQLLECTI 
JHOO-BIB TimiV/et 2SC E* 
JHOI-tH CPok Our 200G 30* 
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SHIPPING t HANOLlNt; 

H N-RtcipoPDtpourri--17B 7t I 
2 0-KJV BI91-E — t/4 30tH 

2 P-CPokC C12e-4a/BO 6DC 13t2 

2 q-ClotiUU Baclv-H(i<ilnt 7t 2 
a H-PETS 347 PSC domt . lOt! 

3 S-SPORTS 419 PSC Moctd 10t2 
2 T-CARTOON Chor 203 PSC 5t2 
7 U-CQMPTH PfiRflOE 355PEC 
2 V-FASTCAD VI- -Enhaticod 



5t2 



CAP S.OtSvpportFi Iob 1 Ot 2 

U-FunCrophiceUacliOtno' 

5afont«-H RttScmDnp Et3 

X-15'l1/71/Qt UTL Coabo 13*3 
1 Y-CEGS Prci(|raii»tr Uan . 

a and CEOS V. 1.Q Doc. et2 

Z-KJV BIBLE (or C-12B 

1 40/80eo I fdtr/pf n*»r 35i4 
ON t/4 I C-16 » C-64 I I 1 

1 JHOB-SptI I Chlir. i4/64 5t 1 

5 JH09.PH0JECTS -■ t4/E4 5t 1 

1 JHIO-HflU RADIO PRCS i4 It t 

I JH1 1-Cl Prq. C16/t4/64 f t 1 

1 JH13-ACEtS/64FISi« JYS 7t 1 

JH13-Sobot»upt4/E4 Spt 7t t 

I JHtH-fluq()idort4C64 jVs 7i 1 

3 JHIS-CrophicotPpoqo i4 7t 1 

3 JK1&-UicPsintVu u/pict 3tt 



Sind SflSE -for i n( o on nau 

Rao. ;/disk td: $3p/l-3 ;3 

CAtALQC t Bonut Ditk: Ce4/12 

PAYMENT UO/CK-USS/Dant-Cft, tS 

HANDLING: Bank Ghack /M. . - 1 

S t H--US Pedal Eic, Donai 

TO; KFPDS'Kamnith Fro 

Lo I Anqa In, CA 

Ui' »a tiDt) ot t ha PD 

Ui volua fsur p at rofisqa . Tli 

correct codes (often printing messes like 
die one you described unless my 
interface is in transparent mode). On the 
other hand you may have to turn 
transparent mode off. Try boUi. 

□: I am having a problem getting 
my computer to start. I bought it (a 
C64-C and GEOS 2.0) for my husband 
in the mid -eighties. He no longer 



dounloada and athtr itaia! 
50 ?/4-E Si. 75 PMO-ig (to, 
e-47p-S2t3 t PluB/4-10p-53<1 
.25/. ti/ita«-Ni> COD/Cr).Crd. 
tt and Ghacke tihon cloarao, 
tic and Inlcrnational Aotai 
nk lin--P.O, Boi V7D461 
90047-04 64 

Salaot C: 1. ibrarr. 

c II our rtar K 4! TtiankEl 

not erase ius memory. If it doesn't work 
when properly hooked up, it may be 
dusty and require cleaning. Make sure it 
looks clean inside ;ind out before 
powering up, 

GEOS should load up with 
LOAD"GEOS" 8,1. Try the back up 
system disk or other programs on it in 
case the GEOS disk is bad. 



dioliiird April 1994 





I i 




Ql I am wondering if a laser 
primer can be used with your 
commodore computer outside of 
GEOS? A friend and I are inlercsied in 
eventually upgrading to laser but would 
like lo work on programs other Uian 
GEOS. Would any special hookup be 
needed? Dan Koleski of Louisville, 
KY. 

f\'. Most word processors allow 
you to write control code files or print 
drivers, for just about ;my printer. 
Keep in mind diat some of the newer 
printers do not come widi the codes you 
need lo customize a print driver. Be 
sure to ask if they arc available either 
with the printer or from the 
manufacturer. Just about any piirallcl 
printer interface should work with it. 
Be sure the one you get is a parallel 
printer. 

Q: 1 have a problem wilh my C64 
computer. It all started when my 
daughter was switching the joystick 
from port-1 to port-2 with power on and 
game loaded. Suddenly die screen went 
blank and the computer locked. Now 
upon start-up 1 have no Hashing cursor, 
no cursor, a mixed screen, or nodiing at 
all. I've tried to load a diagnostic 
program where the cursor does Hash, 
but after a few key strokes the cursor 
disappears and 1 am unable to complete 
typing. What's wrong? 

From my research, I suspect a bad 
VIC-II chip, bad Kernel ROM chip, or 
possibly a defective power supply. It's 
also possible die power supply cable 
moved when die joystick was changed 
to port-2 and a spike occurred, i have 
since acquired a used CI 28 but stdl 
wish to repair die C64. My own 
CI28D has Jiffy DOS and a IT.'iO REU 



expanded to 2 Megs, all of which 1 
performed by myself. What I lack is the 
proper infonnation and schematics to 
effect a reliable repair. David W. 
Grinncll of West Siuid Lake, NY. 

A: Since the joystick ports have no 
capacitive protection, the modicrboard 
may have been zapped. If you're not 
sure what is wrong, you should seek a 
professional repair service. There are 
several that appear wiUiin llie pages of 
die Hard. 

Q: Operating a commodore 128 

liirough a Xctek Super Graphix 
interfaced to a Star Micronics NX-2420 
printer, driving with 1571 drive, 
Paperclip III, I cannot eliminate 
double line feeds regardless of whether 
or not set for automatic linefeed. Does 
anybody have a similar hookup? What 
are proper settings of printer, inlcrface, 
and the software (Paperclip HI)? 
HELP! ! ! John Shaw of Austin, TX. 

f\'. You might try either double line 
spacing inside the document itself or 
customizing a copy of your print driver 
to force die line feed. One way would 
be to place CHR$(13) at die end of each 
hnc sent. You can also try sending 
OPEN4,4,128 to the printer before 
printing. Do any dieHard readers have 
any additional ideas on this one? 

Qt I am an avid reader of your 
magazine. 1 read in one of them about 
die Delphi Network. I would appreciate 
information on how 1 could join the 
network. I prcsendy use the 
Commodore Network and enjoy it very 
much but also like v;u-icty. Lennart C. 
Johnson of Wobum, MA. 

fi: By modem: 1-800-365-4636. 
After you get CONNECT, hit 



<RETURN> twice. At die usemame 
prompt, enter: joindelphi, kipassword, 
enter: CPT311. Or you can call 
1-800-695-4005 and talk to someone 
about joining. 

Q; Recently, I was lucky enough 
to get an SX64. The manual mentions a 
DX64, a dual drive version. Were any 
ever actually produced? Joey Holman of 
Marion, VA. 

fi: Unfortunately, Commodore 
never released the DX. A few 
adventurously brave souls have added a 
second 1541 drive lo llieir SX and have 
had them work. Sounds like a major 
project, but one tliat mighi be wordi 
investigating furdier. 

Q: In the Oct 93 issue, die Spinner 
column talks about a program called 
One Dark Night.. The Dec 93 'View 
from die Underground' column makes 
reference lo a C64 database program 
called Santa's Helper. 1 can't find 
cither of these programs on my Spinner 
disks! What gives? Norris Eiwood of 
Clciu-licld, UT. 

fit Sorry about Oiis folks. 1 did 
not gel die time to add die sprites lo One 
Dark Night to make it One Dark 
Night 11. We were under an incredible 
time crunch. Santa's Helper was 
written by two people and one of them 
moved right when the other submitted 
the program. We still have not been able 
to contact the second audior of Santa's 
Helper. We apologize and plan to run 
bodi this year. 



REflDV, 



dicHard April 1994 23 







by Jimmy Wciler 

DOS & Dun'ls is reprinted with 
penmsion from LOADSTAR. The 

Compkk DOS and Dou'ts is avaiiabk fon 
1541 disk for the C64/C12H from Softtlisk, 
P.O.Box .UMm, SItrm'imt. LA. 71130 for 
$9.95, plus $4.50 shippins for 2nd day 
delivery. 



Now cvcti \oiir programs can read the 
ijirccUiry. 



Wc haven't said much about the 
directory since Part 7. 

[ am just going to assume tliat you 
al! knnvv how lo LOAD "$",8 then LIST 
to look at what files arc on your disk. 
This installment of DOS & Don 'is will 
show you how lo make your 
PROGRAMS read and display a 
directory. 

This time, 1 break with tradition 
and show you ttie simple way to do it 
first. 

1. install the DOS wedge. 

2. Where you want your program 
to display the directory, cnier this 
instruction: @"$" 

You can get fancy with the wedge: 
To display only the SEQ files: 

@"$*=S" 

To display only the PRO files: 

@"$*=P" 

To display only the REL files: 



To display only the USR files: 

@"$*=U" 

To display only files beginning 
with any paiieni, use ihe wild card, 
"*". @"$T.*" will show only files 
prefixed by "T," 

You can mix lliese concepts, loo: 
@"$TEXT+=S" will show only those 
scqucniial files whose names start with 
"TEXT." 

Okay, enough of the easy stuff. 
Now I'll show you the hard way to do 
the same tiling. 

The 1541 User's Manual says you 
can read the directory jusi like a 
SEQuential file. That's I rue. 

Unfortunately, the directory reading 
program listed in Oiat majiual doesn'l 
work. Fortunately, The April Spinner 
now provides you with a version tlial 
DOES work on ihe 1541 drive. Look 
for it in ihc directory under tlie name: 

Q&D DIR DISPLAY 

Here's a blow-by-blow account of 
how Q&D DIR DISPLAY works: 

1020 OPEN15,8,15, "10" 

Wc initialize Ihc disk. It is possible 
tliat tlic disk wc arc about to read was 
just placed in tiic drive. This will help 
prevent DISK ID MISMATCHes in that 
case. 

1030 Z$=CHR$(0) :IL$=CHR$(128) : 
Q$=CHR$134): SP$=CHR$(160) 

We declare some variables: Z$ is 
used later when we evaluate ASCii value 
of Ihc result of a GET#. If you GET# a 



ZERO character, the ASC function 
won't work. To prevent ILLEGAL 
QUANTITY ERRORS, we can 
concatenate Z$ lo the variable wc GET 
before wc evaluate the variable: 

e.g. GET#8, K$: PRINT ASC (K$+Z$) 

0$ is defined as the quote symbol. 
We use it later to bracket file names as 
we print tlicm. 

SP$ is a shifted space. In the 
directory, every file name less than 16 
characters long ends with shifted spaces. 

1040 DIM F$(29) 

We will use array F$ to assemble 
file names. Each name uses 29 bytes of 
the directory. 

1050 TY${0}="DEL" :TY$[1) ="SEQ' 
:TY$(2)="PRG" ; TY$ (3) ="USR" 
:TY$(4)='REL" 

Here we declare file types, 

lOeO OPENS, 8, 8, ■'$" 

Wc open the directory as a file. 

1070 BU=0 

BU is our "BLOCKS USED" 
counter. Wc set it to zero before wc start 
reading the directory. 

1080 FOR Cl=l TO 142: GET#8,KS: 
tffiXT 

The first 142 characters of ihe 
directory are not interesting lo us al this 
point so we skip over them. (The third 
tiirough 142nd characters make up the 



24 tlu-HiLfd April 1994 




n 



t s 



BLOCK AVAILABILITY MAP.) 

1090 PRINT "NAME:<rvon>" ; :FOR 
Cl=144 TO 160: GET#8 , K$ 
: PRINT K$; :NEXT 
:PRlNT"<rvof> " ; 

The next cigluccn characters of the 
directory are the disk name. Wc print 
thai in reverse. 

1100 GET#8,L$,H$,N$: PRINT" ID 
: "M$,N$ 

Wc read and prim die disk ID. 

1110 FOR C1=1S4 TO 255:GETtt8,K$ 
: NEXT 



If we reach Uic end of the directory while 
we read the fde name, STATUS will 
equal 66. In ihat case, we set our file 
counter to I5f) ;uid exit the for-iicxt loop 
wc are using to read the file names. 

1140 F$tO)=F$(0}+Z$ 

115Q IF F$(0)<ILS THEN 1220 

The first character of any directory 
fde entry dcscrihcs tlie (lie type. 
These are: 

DELeted: or 128 

SEQuential: 129 

PRoGram; 13 

USeR: 131 

RELative: 132 



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If the file name 
wc arc processing 
was scratched from 
the directory or 
improperly closed, 
diis code will let us 
proceed to die next 
file. 



We are not interested in the next 9 1 
characters, so we dirow them away. 

1120 FOR FILE=1 TO 144 

Here wc start reading ihc file 
names out of the directory. There is 
room for 144 fdes in a normal 1541 
directory. 

1130 FOR BYTE=0 TO 29: 

GET#B, F$ (BYTE) : NEXT: IF 
ST=66 THEN FILE=150:GOTO 
1240 

Each file name in a directory is 29 
characters long. We read those 
characters into our file name array, F$. 



1160 PRINT TY$(ASC[F$(0) ) -128 
);": "r 

We subtract 128 from the file type 
character, use the resulting value to 
index into TY.$, and print the appropriate 
type. 



1170 PRINT Q$; 

:F0R LTTR=3 

TO 18: IF 

P$tLTTR)<> 

SP$ THEN 

PRINT 

F$ (LTTR) ; 

1180 NEXT: 

PRINT Q$; 




We prim the file name in quotes. If 
wc encounter a shifted space (SP$) 
before die sixteenth character, it means 
we have reached the end ol' the file 
name. 

1190 SZ=256*ASC(F$(29)+Z$)+ 
ASC(F${28) ) 

The 28th and 29th characters of 
each file name entry contain die size in 
blocks of diat particular file. This code 
calculates that size. 

1200 PRINT TAB(23-(SZ<100) 
-[SZ<10))SZ "BLOCK"; 
:IF SZol THEN PRINT "S"; 

To make the file size column of our 
printout line up nicely, wc use some 
BOOLEAN inagic. Any expression diat 
evaluates as eidier true or false is said to 
be a Boolean expression. "E = F" is an 
example. If the value of E equals the 
value of F then the expression is true. 
Otherwise it is false. 

When your commodore evaluates 
a Boolean expression as "true", it 
assigns a value of -I to the result. 
"False" evaluates as 0. 

10 LET E=l: LET F=l 
20 LET B = E = F 
30 PRINT B 

Line 30 of tliis example will print 
-1. 

The BoolcLUi calculations in line 
1200 will add 1 to die TAB position if 
die .size of die file is less tlian 100 and 
will add one more if the size is also less 
dian 10. 



dicHarJApnl I'J'M 



1210 PRINT 

We print a carriage return because 
we have finished with tlvc file name wc 
were working on. 

1220 IF FILE/8<>INT(FILE/8) 
THEN GET#8,L$,M$ 

Every directory block on tlie disk 
can hokl eight file names. Tlierc arc 
two unused characters between each of 
the names. We GET# tliose characters 
aiid dirow dicm away. However, 
between die last lllc entry in one block 
and the tlrsi entry in die next tlicre arc 
NO unused characters. So, every eight 
fde names, wc DON'T GET# those 
extra characters. 

1230 BU=BU+SZ: SZ=0 

We add the size of ihe lasl tile to 
die number of blocks used on the disk. 

1240 NEXT FILE: PRINT BU"OF 664 
BLOCKS USED. " 

This is the end of Uic for-ncxt loop 
that counts through the tiles in the 
directory. When wc have printed the 
last fde, wc then print the number of 
blocks they have used. 

12 50 CLOSE 8: CLOSE 15 

When we're done, we close all the 
disk I/O channels we used lo read the 
directory. 

Here's tlic complete listing: 

The Q&D DIR Display. 

1020 0PEN15,8,15, "10" 

1030 Z$=CHR${0} :IL$=CHR$(128) : 

Q$ = CHR$(3'J) : SP$=:CHR$(160) 
1040 DIM F$(29) 

1050 Ty$(0}="DEL" :TY$(1)="SEQ" 
;TY${2)="PRG" : TY$ (3 ) ="USR" 
:TY$(4)="REL" 

1060 OPENS, 8,8, "$" 



1070 


BU^O 


1190 


1080 


FOR Cl=l TO 142: GET#B,K$: 






NEXT 


1200 


1090 


PRINT "NAME : <rvon> " ; : FOR 
Cl=144 TO 160: GET+I8,K$ 






: PRINT K$; :NEXT 


1210 




: PRINT "<rvof> "; 


1220 


1100 


GET#8,L$,H$,N$: PRINT"ID 






;"M$,N$ 


1230 


1110 


FOR Cl=164 TO 255:GET#8,K$ 
: NEXT 


1240 


1120 


FOR FILE=1 TO 144 


1250 


1130 


FOR BYTE=0 TO 29: 
GET#8,F$(BYTE) :NEXT: IF 






ST=66 THEN FILE=150 :G0TO 


REf^ 




1240 


■ 


1140 


F$(0)=F$(O)+Z$ 




1150 


IF F$(0)<IL$ THEN 1220 




1160 


PRINT TY$(ASC(F$[0} )-128 




1170 


PRINT Q$; :FOR LTrR=3 

TO 18: IF F$[LTTH)<> 

SP$ THEN PRINT F${LTTK); 




1180 


NEXT: PRINT Q$ ; 





SZ=256*ASC(F$(29)+Z$)+ 

ASC(FS(28)} 

PRIWT TAB[23-tSZ<100) 

-(SZ<10))SZ "BLOCK"; 

-.IF SZol THEN PRINT "S"; 
PRINT 
IF FILE /8<> INT (FILE/ 8) 

THEN GET#8,L$,M$ 

BU=BU+SZ: SZ=0 

NEXT FILE: PRINT BU"OF 664 

BLOCKS USED. " 
CLOSE 8: CLOSE 15 




((om tgrpeniine Co pijieihnns) 





Ptjieihiins nte used nj 
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< I ' I I I T I I -n 




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i TTTT I T n II ir II f i ri ii ii i i n n ir n n it i t u h ii i i i t i i n n n ii i r n [i ii ii ii ii ii m n ii n [m - rr lT i i r-n n n ii fi n ri n ii [i n rii n n n n n m n inn 

- fl r r .- l ^ l n [ ^ [ r- I ? T; ^ T ^ T '- I r-r^Ir I ^ I .- I .-k l ^ l .-|.- | .- [ .- [ .-kk|r | r I r I .- I .- l ^ l ,- l r- l r- VTrTr!n|^[-.[SW-.HHHl-. H l-.l-.HHH|-,|-,I^ 



= - 




dieHard, tfie Jtmrfor 
commodore Sbitters 









n djcHm-J April 1994 




P R 




Welcome lo PRG. VVhai is PRCi? I'RG gets its ikuhc from ihc directory listing of the 
commodore computer world. PRd simply is the denotation of a PRoGram file. So, you've written 
that all- world -changing progrjun and want to share it with the dieHanl Universe! No problem, submit it 
to PRG! We'd really love to see sotne for the more orph;ined of the commodore machines, like the 
V1C20, plu,'^4, CI ft or PET/CBM machines! We also love C64 and CI 28 programs. If you have 
someliiiiig written in BASIC 2.0 that lacks POKEs, PEllKs, WAlTs at SYSs, it should run on all 
commiMiores. Still not snre? - write for Writer's GuideHnes: clieHard, Writer's Guidelines, P.O.Box 
392, Boi.w, Idaho, S3701 -0392. 



dieHard Flash 64 {C64) 

by iamis T. Jones 

In (lie October is.siie of die Hard, the 
program "Color Montagi- (C64)" 
randomly changed the cnlur RAM for the 
entire screen. To creaic a fliLshing effect with 
which interesting title .screens can be made, a 
machine language routine i.s neccssjiry to 
achieve the necessary speed. Type the 
program of li.'iting 1 and save it to disk. 
When the program is RUN, the file, DIRHARD 
FLASH.O, will be created on Ihc disk. Instead 
of LINE 80, you can fuhstitute lines for a title 
screen, for example. Any characters of the 
first six scTeen lines will flash in different 
colors. Press the STOP key to exit the 
propam. 

As an example, type the program of 
listing 2 and save It to disk. When Iht; 
program is RUN, the fictitious title .';creen is 
best viewed on a color monitor. 

dieHanl hlASliO Crciitor Llstinf; 1 

4013 10 REM THIS PROGRAM VJILL 

CREATE DIEtlARD FLASH.O 

ON DISK - BY JAMES T. 

JONES 
3042 20 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 

LYNNCARTHY INDUSTRIES, 

INC. 
2822 30 REM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
3061 40 GOSUB 270;REM DISK DRIVE 

CHECK 
2530 50 IF A=0 THEN A=1:G0SUB 130 
3991 60 IF A=l THEN A=679 

: LOAD "DIEHARD 

FLASH. 0",DV,1 
2084 70 POKE 53280, 0:POKE 

53281,0: PRINT CHR${147) 

CHR$(5)CHR$(8) 
1794 80 FORJ=0TO6*40-l 

;POKE1024+J, 102: NEXT 
32 91 90 POKE 214, 12 : PRINT: PRINT" 

PRESS A KEY TO EXIT." 



1336 100 SYS 679 

2408 110 GET A$:IF AS="" THEN 100 

1625 120 END 

1520 130 S=0:FOR 1=679 TO 757 

2204 140 READ X:PDKE I,X:S=S+X:KEXT 

2512 150 DATA162. 1,202, 134,252, 

138,133,253,169,216,133, 

254,164,252,169,3 
2507 160 DATA 145,253,200,192,2, 

208,247,173,4,220, 

10,10, 10,10, 74,74 
2501 170 DATA 74,74,197,252,240, 

241,145,253,24,169,3, 

101,253,133,253,208 
2505 180 DATA 2,230,254,165,254, 

201,217,208,8.165,253, 

201,150,208,2,240 
2519 190 DATA 3,24,144,200,96, 

2,0, 109, 8,20,0,2,32,95,0 
3217 200 IF SO10581 THEN PRINT" 

ERROR IN DATA! " : END 
5360 210 REM CREATE DIEHARD FLASH.O 

ON DISK 
543 6 220 SA=679;EA=757+1:REM ENDING 

ADDRESS PLUS 1 
3256 230 Hl=INT(SA/256} :L1=SA'256 

*Hl:H2=INTlEA/256) 
:L2=EA-256*H2 
3078 240 SYS57812"DIEHAPJ) FLASH.O", 

DV;POKE193,L1:POKE194, 

Hl:POKE174,L2:POKE17 5,H2 
2129 250 SYS62954 :CLOSE15:OPEN15, 

DV,15, "I" :CL0SE15 
1637 260 RETURN 
2405 270 DV=PEEK(186) :IF DV<8 THEN 

DV=8 
2612 280 PRINT CHR$ (147)CHR$ (142) 
;CLOSE 15:0PEN 15,DV,15 
: CLOSE 15 
1731 290 IF ST=0 THEN 340 
2537 300 PRINT "TURN YOUR DISK DRIVE 

ON AND PRESS" 
1960 310 PRINT"A KEY. " 
2405 320 QKl AS:IF A$="" THEN 320 
1484 330 GOTO 280 



240 3 340 OPEN 15,DV,15,"I" 

:INPUT#1S,ER:CL0SE 15 
2125 350 IF ER=0 THEN RETURN 
3350 360 PRINT'TUT A DISKETTE IN 

YOUR DRIVE AND" 
2248 370 PRINT"PRESS A KEY." 
2400 380 GET AS:IF AS=" THEN 380 
1841 390 PRINT CHR${ 147) ; GOTO 340 

end of liiie. 

Flash DEMO Listing 2 

3862 10 REM DEMO PROGRAH FOR 
DIEHARD FLASH.O - 
JAMES T. JONES 
4019 20 REM ignore this line's 

check sum. 
3042 30 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 

LYNNCARTHY INDUSTRIES, 
INC. 
2821 40 REM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
2571 50 DV=PEEK(186} :IF DV<8 

THEN DV=e 
6555 60 IFA=0THENA=67 9: LOAD" DIEHARD 

Fr,iASH.O",DV,l 
1920 70 POKE53280, 1;P0KE532S1, 1 
:POKE646,2:PRINT CHR$ 
(147}CHR$(142)CHR$(8) 
1738 SO FORX=1T020 : PRINT" [ct:rl 9] 
[sfiift Britisli pound) 
IC= *1"; :NEXT 
1736 90 FORY=1T020 : PRINT" Ictrl 01 
IC= *] 

[shift British pound)" 
; :NEXT 
1354 100 PRINT" [Ctrl 9] 

[shift British pound] 
[C= *) [Ctrl or'SPC(08) " 
[shift U] [shift ci [space] 
[C= R] [space) [C=R) 
[shift C] [shift I] [space) 
[C= R] [space] [C=R) [space] 
[C= R) [shift C] [space] 
[C= R) [shift C] [shift I) 
■'SPCt09) "[Ctrl 9) 
[shift British pound] 



dieHard April 1994 29 | 



(C= •] (Ctrl 0)"; 

1311 110 PRINT" [C= *1 

[shift British pound] 
'■SPC(08) "[shift-] 
[2 space) [shift-] 
[space] [C= Q] [shift C] 
[shift K] [space] [C=Q) 
[shift C) [C= Wl [space! 
[C= Q] [shift C] [space] 
[C= Q] [shift C] 
[shift K] "SPC(09) " 
[C= *] 
[shift British pound]"; 

139Q 120 PRINT" [Ctrl 9] 

[shift British pound] 
[C= *] [Ctrl 0] "SPC(08) " 
[shift J) [shift C] 
[space] [C= E] [space] 
[C= E] [3 space] [C= E] 
[space] [C= E] [space] 
[C= E] [shift C] [space] 
[C= E] [space] [shift M] 
-SPCfOg} "[Ctrl 9] 
[shift British pound] 
[C= *] [Ctrl 0] ■; 

1507 130 PRINT" [C= *] 

[shift British pound] 

"SPC(36) "(C= ♦] 

[shift British pound]"; 

1755 140 FORX=lTO20: PRINT" 
[Ctrl 9] 

[shift British pound] 
[C= *]'; :NEXT 

1750 150 FORY=1T020: PRINT" 
[Ctrl 0] [C= *] 
[shift British pound] " 
; .-NEXT 

3046 160 PRINT" [3 crsr down] 
[9 space] A DIEHARD 
PRESENTATION" : PRINT 

1291 170 PRINT" [19 space] 
BY": PRINT 

2408 180 PRINT" [11 space] BRIAN 
CROSTHWAITE": PRINT 

1209 190 PRINT" [16 space] (C) 
1993" : PRINT 

3507 200 PRINT" [3 space] PRESS A 
KEY TO EXIT DEMONSTRATION" 

30S1 210 SYS679;REM FLASH COLORS 
ON SCREEN 

2290 220 GETASiIF A$-"" THEN210 

1625 230 END 

end of line. 



Dot.dot.dot 64 

hy James T. Jones 



If ail opcralion aiicti as sort in); iteins 
or re;iiiing liM-.i or loading a long program 

m|iiire.s a rel:ilivi;]y l;irgc amminl ol" lime, il 



is advisabk lo Ici ilie user know Ihal soineihing 
is liappening. [n ihe Oclotwr 1993 issue of 
dieHard, ihis goal was accomplished by changing 
the color of (he border. For those who find this 
flashing effect ;innoying, an alternative technique 
is presented. Type the Listing 1 progriuii. save 
il, then n)n it. A machine language file, 
DOT. DOT. I JOT ,0, will he crealed on the disk that 
uses an intenupldriven routine to print a row of 
periods beginning at row 17. If the file is loaded 
al the start of your program, SYS K28 will start 
and SYS 831 will stop the display. To use thu 
routine while a long program is being loaded, 
follow the technii|Uo described in the article, 
CompuSer Activity RX in the Ocloi>er i.-isue. 

5786 10 REM PROGRAM TO CREATE OH 

DISK A MACHINE LANGUAGE 

PROGPAM FOR PRINTING PERIODS 
3385 20 REM WHILE AN OPERATION 

REQUIRING A LONG 

TIME IS TAKING PLACE, 
4019 30 REM THIS PROGRAM WILL 

CREATE DIEHARD FLASH. ON 

DISK - BY JAMES T. JONES 
3041 40 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 LYNN 

CARTHY INDUSTRIES, INC. 
2821 50 REM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
3061 60 GOSUB 270: REM DISK DRIVE 

CHECK 
1519 70 FOR I=S2e TO 900 
3311 80 READ X;POKE I , X: S=S+XtNEXT 
1S51 90 DATA 76,76,3,120,169,49, 

160,234,141,20,3,140, 

21,3,88,96 
2528 100 DATA12O,169,99,160,3,141,20 

,3, 140,21,3,89, 169,17,141,168 
2515 110 DATA 2,169,0,141,169,2,96, 

206,132,3,208,25,169,60, 

141,132 
2506 120 DATA 3,173,168,2,170,173, 

169, 2,168,24, 32,240,255, 

239, 169,2 
2514 130 DATA 169,46,32,210,255, 

76,49,234,60 
3009 140 IF S07635 THEN PRINT" 

EPJiOR IN DATA ! " : END 
3 631 150 REM CREATE DOT . DOT . DOT . 

ON DISK 
5442 160 SA=829;EA=900+l;REM ENDING 

ADDRESS PLUS 1 
3255 170 Hl=INT(SA/256) :L1 

=SA-256*H1 :H2=INT(EA/256) 

:L2=EA-256*H2 
2153 180 SYS57812"DOT.DOT,DOT.O", 

DV: POKE193 , LI : POKE194 , HI 

rPOKE174,L2:POKE175,H2 
2128 190 SYS62954;CLOSE15 

:0PEN15, DV,15, "I":CL0SE1S 
2812 200 PRINTCHRSf 147) "THIS IS A 
DEMONSTRATION OF THE 
PROGRAM . " : PRINT 
3466 210 PRINT"SYS828 STARTS AND 

SYS831 STOPS PRINTING": PRINT 
3123 220 PRINT "OF PERIODS AFTER 



ABOUT 20 SECONDS. ":SYS82 8 
1649 230 FOR T=l TO 20000 :NEXT 
2556 240 SYS831: PRINT: PRINT: PRINT 

"SEE THE ASSOCIATED TEXT 

FOR AN EXPLANA-" 
2444 250 PRINT"TION OF HOW TO USE 

THE ML PROGRAM" 
3751 260 PRINT"WHILE LOADING A LONG 

PROGRAM . " : END 
2405 270 DV=PEEK{186) :IF DV<9 

THEN DV=S 
2576 280 CLOSE15:OPEN15,DV, 15 

:CL0SE15 
1731 290 IF ST=0 THEN 340 
2363 300 PRINTCHR$ (147) "TURN YOUR 

DISK DRIVE ON AND PRESS" 
1960 310 PRINT'A KEY." 
2405 320 GET AS : IF AS="" THEN 320 
1484 330 GOTO 280 
2528 340 0PEN15,DV, 15, "I" 

: INPUTS 1 5, ER: CLOSE 15 
2125 350 IF ER=0 THEN RETURN 
3755 360 PRINT: PRINT" PLACE A 

DISKETTE IN THE DRIVE" 
2578 370 PRINT"AND PRESS A KEY- " 
2400 380 GET A$;IF A$="" THEN 380 
1484 390 GOTO 340 

end of line. 

Temperature (C128, plus/4 
and CI 6) 

by Ross Chcrcdnik 

TemiKTuture converts between the four 
major temperature .scales: Fahrctiheil, L'elcius (I 
hate thai ■ Centigrade is die ii;une), Kelvin, and 
Rankine. It's okay to go below absolute zero, if 
you like. 1 think it limits work because we're 
stupid enough to believe in them. 

Temperature C12S 

REMEMBER: [2 space] YE FATTE OLDE 

FARTE122 space IJOHN ROSS 
CHEREDNIK 

1 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 L'/NNCARTHY 

INDUSTRIES, INC. 
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
10 FAST:CLR:COLOR6,l:GRAPHIC5,l 
:PRINTTAB(29) " 
[2 crsr down] (Ctrl 4] 
TEMPERATURE CONVERSION" 
: PRINT" [4 crsr down] 
[crsr right] [C= 8]C0HV1RT 
FROM [Ctrl 2]C[C= 8] 
ELSIUS, [Ctrl 2]F[C= 8] 
AHRENHEIT, [ctrl 2]K[C= 8] 
ELVIN, [Ctrl 2]RtC= 8] 
ANKINE, OR [Ctrl 2]E[C= 8] 
ND: [C= 4]"; 
11 GCT'KEyA$:PRINTAS:IFAS="C"THEN12 
:ELSE;IFAS="F"THEN14 
:ELSE:IFAS="K"THEU16 
:ELSE:IFA$="R"THEN18 



30 dieHard April 1 y'J4 



: ELSE : I FAS = " E " TH ENPRIOT 
"ICLR] '■; END: ELSE: PRINT" 
[crsr dovm] (crsr right] 
[C= 8] INPUT ERROR" ;GOTO20 

12 PRINT" [crsr dora) [crsr right] 

[C= 8) ENTER DESIRED CELSIUS 
DEGREES I [C= 4 ] " ; : OPENl , 
I INPUTK 1 , C :CL0SE1 : PRINT 
:F=(C*9)/5+32:K=C+273.2 
:R=F+459.7:PRINTTAB(20) " 
[2 crsr do-rfn] [C= 6] "C" 
[C= 81CELSIUS DEGREES = " 

13 PRINTTAB[25)"[crsr down] ( Ctrl 5] 

"F"[C= E I FAHRENHEIT DEGREES" 
rPRINH'AB (251 "[crsr down] 
tC= 3] "K"[C= eiKELVIN 
DEGREES'- :PRINTTAB(25) " 
[crsr down] [Ctrl 81'"R" 
[C= 8]RANKINE DEGREES' 
:GOT020 

14 PRINT" [crsr down) [crsr right] 

[C= S] ENTER DESIRED 

FAHRENHEIT DEGREES: 

[C= 41 "; : OPENl, 

:INPUT#1,F:CL0SE1 

;PRINT:C=(F-32)*5/9 

;K=C+273.2:R=F+459.7 

;PRINTTAB[20) " 

[2 crsr down] [Ctrl 5] 

'■F"[C= 8] FAHRENHEIT 

DEGREES =" 

15 PRINTTAB(25)"[crsr down) [C= 6] 

"C" [C= 8] CELSIUS 
DEGREES " : PRINTTAB (25)" 
[crsr down] [Ctrl 3] 
"K"[C= 8] KELVIN 
DEGREES" : PRINTTAB 
[25} "[crsr down] 
[Ctrl 8] '■R"[C=8] 
RANKINE DEGREES" :GOT020 

16 PRINT" [crsr down] [crsr right] 

[C= S]DITER DESIRED 
KELVIN DEGREES: 
[C= 4]"; :OPEN1,0 
: INPUTS 1 , K ; C LOS El : PRINT 
:C=K-273.2:F=[C'9]/5 + 32 
:R=F +4 59. 7: PRINTTAB 
(20) "(2 crsr down] 
(C= 3] "K"[C= 8] KELVIN 
DEGREES =" 

17 PRINTTAB ( 25 )" [crsr down] [C= 6] 

"C*[C=8] CELSIUS 
DEGREES" :PRINTTAB(25) " 

[crsr down] [C= 5]"F" 

[C= 8] FAHRENHEIT 
DEGREES" :PRIN'1TAB(25) " 

[crsr down] [Ctrl 8]"R" 

[C= 8]RANKINE DEGREES" 

:GOTO20 

18 PRINT" [crsr down] [crsr tight] 

[C= 8] ENTER DESIRED 
RANKINE DEGREES: 
[C= 4]"; ; OPENl, 
:INPUT)tl , R:CL0SE1 : PRINT 
:F=R-459.7:C=(F-32) '5/9 



:K=C+273 .2; PRINTTAB (20) 
" [2 crsr down] [ctrl 8] 

'■R"[C= S] RANKINE 
DEGREES =" 

19 PRINTTAB(25) " [crsr down) [C= 6] 

"C"[C= SJCELSIUS 
DEGREES": PRINTTAB (25) " 
[crsr down] IC- 5] "F" 
[C= 8] FAHRENHEIT 
DEGREES " : PRINTTAB (25)" 
[crsr down] [C= 8] 
"K" KELVIN DEGREES" 

20 PRINTCHRS(7) ''[4 crsr down] 

[crsr right] ANOTHER 
([Ctrl 1]Y(C= 8]/ [Ctrl! 
N[C= 8])?tC= 4]" 
;GETKEYA$:IFA$="V" 
THENRUN : ELSE : SCNCLR 
: GRAPHICCLR : SLOW : END 

.... .end of line. 

Temperature plus/4 & CI 6 

REMEMBEF.: [2 space] YE FATTE OLDE 

FAETE[21 space] JOHN ROSS 
CHEREDNIK 

1 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 LYNWCARTHY 

INDUSTRIES, INC. 

2 REM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 

10 REM A$="TEMP 4/16"; SCRATCH (AS) : 
SAVE A$, 8; VERIFY AS , 8 

20 CLR : COLORO , 1 : GPJIPHICO , 1 : PRINTTAB 
(8) " [2crsr down] [ctrl 4] 
TEMPERATURE CONVERSION" 

30 PRINT" [4 crsr down] (crsr right] 
[C= 8] CONVERT FROM 
[Ctrl 2]C[C= 8]ELSIUS, 
[Ctrl ]F[C= 8]AHREMHEIT, 
[Ctrl 2]K[C= 8]ELVIN, 
[Ctrl 2]R[C= 8]AHKINE, OR 
[Ctrl 2]E[C= 8]ND: 
[C= 4]"; 

40 GETKEYA$ ; PRINTA$ ; IFAS="C"THEN60 

: ELSE: IFAS="F"THEN100: ELSE 
: IFA$="K"THEN140 : ELSE 

50 IFAS="R"THEN180:ELSE:IFAS 

="E"THENPRINT" [CLR] " :END 
:ELSE:PRINT" [crsr down] 
[crsr right) (C= 8] 
INPUT ERROR" :GOTO220 

60 PRINT" [crsr down] [crsr right] [C= 8] 

ENTER DESIRED CELSIUS 
DEGREES: [C= 4] "; :OPEN1,0 
:INPUT#1,C:CL0SE1: PRINT 
70 F=(C*9)/5+32:K=C+273.2:R=F+459.7 

: PRINTTAB (5) " [2 crsr down) 
[C= 6]-C"[C= 8)CELSIUS 
DEGREES =" 
80 PRINTTAB(8) " [crsr down) [C=51 "F" 
[C= 8] FAHRENHEIT DEGREES" 
; PRINTTAB (8) " [crsr down] 
[C= 3]"K"[C= 8]KELVIN DEGREES" 
90 PRINTTAB(8) " [crsr down] [ctrl 8] 

"R"(C= 8]RANKINE DEGREES" :G0T02 20 
100 PRINT" [crsr dou-n) [crsr right] 



[C= 3] ENTER DESIRED 

FARHENHEIT DEGREES: 

[C= 4]"; :OPENl,0:INPUTttl, 

P;CL0SE1 : PRINT 
110 C=(F-32) *5/9:K=C+273.2:R=F+459.7 

;PRINTTAB{5) "[2 crsr down) 

[Ctrl 5] "F"[C= 8] 

FAHRENHEIT DEGREES = " 
120 PRINTTAB ( 8) " [crsr down] [C= 6]"C" 

[c= s]ch:lsius degrees" 

:PRINTTAB(8) "[crsr down) 

[C= 3) "K" [C= 8] KELVIN 

DEGREES " 
130 PRINTTAB(8) " [crsr down] [Ctrl 8] 

"R"[C= 8 [RANKINE DEGREES " ;GOTO220 
140 PRINT" [crsr down] [crsr right] 

[C= 8) ENTER DESIRED KELVIN 

DEGREES: |C= 4 ] " ; :0PEN1, 

: INPUT*! 1 , K : CLOSEl : PRINT 
150 C=K-273.2:F-[C*9)/5+32:R=F4-459.7 

:PRINTTAB(5) "[2 crsr down] 

[C= 3]"K"[C= 8]KELVIN 

DEGREES =" 
160 PRINTTAB (8) "[crsr down) [C= 5] "C 

[C= 8] CELSIUS DEGREES" 

: PRINTTAB (8) "[crsr dora] 

[Ctrl 5]"F"[C= 8)FAHRENHE1T 

DEGREES " 
170 PRINTTAB (8) " [crsr doUTl][ctrl 8)"R" 

[C= 8 [RANKINE DEGREES" 

:GOTO220 
180 PRINT" [crsr down] [crsr right] [C= 8] 

ENTER DESIRED RANKINE 

DEGREES; [C= 4] " ; :0PEN1, 

: INPUTtt 1 , R : CLOSEl ; PRINT 
190 F=R-459.7:C=(F-32) •5/9:K=C+273.2 

: PRINTTAB ( 5 )"[ 2 crsr down] 

[Ctrl S] "R"[C= 8IRANKINE 

DEGREES =" 
200 PRINTTAB (8 )" [crsr down] [C= 6]"C" 

[C= 8] CELSIUS DEGREES" 

: PRINTTAB (S) " [crsr down] 

[C= 5)"F"[C= 8] FAHRENHEIT 

DEGREES " 
210 PRINTTAB (8)" [crsr down] [C= 3]"K" 

[C= 8) KELVIN DEGREES" 
220 PRINTCHRS(7) "[4 crsr down] 

[crsr right] ANOTHER 

([Ctrl 1)Y[C= 8] / (Ctrl 2]N 

[C= 8])?[C= 4]":GETKEYAS 

:IFAS="V "THENRUN: ELSE 
230 SCNCLR :GRA.PHICCLR: END 

end of line. 




dicH^ird Apnl l'W-1 



Metal 'tree' 
electron 
charge col- 
lectors 



Manic (C 128, plus/4 iUidC 16) 

by Ross Chercdnik 

Manic is one in a long sequence 
of rafliiom noise (music?J generators I've 
writleti. Tiiis imu has ii nice he bop fiie! 
[0 the sound. 

Manic €128 

REMEMBER [3 space] YE FATTE OLDE 

FARTE[21 space]JOHN ROSS 
CHEREDNIK 

1 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 LYNNCARTHY 

IHDUSTRIES.INC. 
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 

10 F0RA=0T06:C0L0RA,1:NEXT 
: GRAPHICS, 1:PRINTTAB( 10) "GO 

TO FORTY COLUMNS" 

11 GRAPHIC0,1;PRINTTAB(15)" 
[23 crsr down) [ctrl 5]M 
[Ctrl S1A(C= 71N[C= 61I[C= 3] 
C[ctrl 'l]MlC = l]0[ctrl 6) 
0[ctrl3)D[H0MEJ [Ctrl 4)":A=0 

12 POKE1024+A,160:POKE55296+A 
, rMT(RM){TI) n5 + l) :A=A+1 
:IFA=1000THENA=0 

13 B=INT(RNDlTI)*4+2) :C=2*INT 
(RND(TI) *4) :D=INT(RND(TI) 
*7+l) :AS=CHR$(65+D) 

14 PLAY"V10"+STR$(B) +"T"+STRS {C) 
+"U8XOI-+ASt"SSB":GETA5 
:IFA$=""THEK12 

15 SCHCLR:PRimTAB{14r 
[crsr downlLITHUIM TIME 
'■: PRINT" (S crsr down] 
(C= 7)GET"; ; END 

end of line. 

Manic ptus/4 & C16 

REMEMBER [3 space] YE FATTE OLDE 

PARTE 121 space] JOHN ROSS 
CHEREDNIK 

1 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 LYNNCARTHY 

INDUSTRIES, INC. 

2 REM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
10 FORA=OT04:COLORA,1 
20 GRAPHIC0,1:PRINTTAE(15)" 

[23 crsr down] [ctrl 5]M 
[Ctrl 81A[C= 7]N[C= 6]I[C= 3] 
C [Ctrl 4]MtC= 110[ctrl 6] 
0[ctrl 3]D[H0ME] [Ctrl 4]":A=0 
30 POKE3 072+A,160:POKE2048+A,INT 
(RND(TI) n5 + l} :A=A+1 
:IFA=1000THENA=0 
40 B = INT(RND(TI) *4t2) :C=2*INT( 
Pjro(TI)*4) :D=im'(RND{TI) 
'7+1) ;AS=CHR$(65+D) 
50 VOLS rSOUNDl, INT (RND{TI)* 
(950))+1,20:GETA$ 
:IFAS=""THEN30 
60 SCNCLR:PRINTTABa4) " 

[crsr downlLITHUIM TIME 

": PRINT" [8 crsr down] 

[C= 71GET'; :END MtW tf Rjcif. BOT*/ 

end of line. 

12 di^H:u-Li Apn] I'J'M 



'Urn IJUikJC l/m D?Mtazam-zUMi&Qn c/ipM^M. 

V//////X ^// V/A/Sf/////V/////A "^ 

High Volt-„ 
age insul- 
ation 




\/ \ \ \ \\\ \ \ ^ \ / 

J\ \ T T 1 T s ^ / 
/ r J J i ' J V / // 

J'^ \ \ \\\ \ \ \ J 
f ^ * ^ >■ ' ^ ' ^ / 

jf V 1 1 I 111- . J 
/ J 1 t i J } J / / 

J- V \ \ sis \ \ \ / 

/ ^ / f X f f f / / 



Molten 

Lead 

Sheaths 







Electron 

Charge 
Gun 



, Eutec- 
[tic 

\ Molten 
I alloy 
! second 
I sheath 



Bed (air) | 
Pump I 



Vertical fluidized 
bed (styrofoam) 
Van de Graaf 
Generator 



Low-temp- 
erature gas 
(Freon) 
boilers 



Heat 
Exchangers 



* Neoispi^peR Rep- 
i>Rrs ijp LOcu-recDp- 
€RiiruRE; DeareRiacD 
FUSION qeNGRAre 
LOrs Of ngdu ibejis: 

Some 3Battato«& * 




H 'S^^ V, V, V.V.V.V.V.V,VhV,\/ , V , V .V .V .V .V .V . V. V^ V* v+ v^^ 



* AbOVG is SKCrCT) 

Of use Of ijiqii 

uOLrAge ciiARge 
CO iNbuce GLecr- 
rOh cjkpruRG By 
bearGRTucD. tije 
ijGAr pRObuceb 
IS 5 (Dei/ / ArocD 

JiNb 2 NGUrRONS 
ARG pRObUCeb. 

( one MEU is Zl million Kg-cal 
for each qram moleculor Ht 
of transforming nuclide ) % 



Something (VIC20) 

by Brian i^ Croathwajic 

Well, ihis may tie a firsl. A sori of 
screen saver for Ihe V1C20. Usually my 
Saocn Savers ;irc Screen Durners. hui [ would 
kave tins Ihini; runsiinj; on my coinpulcr long 
enough lo find oul. It displays Ihf Hye of 
Horus and the name of ihe new VICIO here at 
the dkHani offices, Vicious l^ucricious. I'm 
not quile sure of Ihc nature of Ihis computer, 
hc/shc/il is replacing Victor who was having 
some troulik' rememhering whiil a disk lirivc 
was. Oh, he could scratch ajid verify, hut 
when it came to saving he wen! "Huh?" And 
yes, all our conipulcrs have names ■- don't 
yours? 

Someibinji VIC20 

1 REMA$ = "S0METtlING.0";SAVEA$,3 
;VERIFYA$,8 

10 REM COPYRIGHT 1994 LYNNCARTilY 
INDUSTRIES, INC. 

20 REM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 

1000 PRIHT"[CLR]''; :FORI = 0TO9 
:PRINT"[KCME]"; 

1010 PRINTMIDSC'Ictrl 1] [Ctrl 3] 
[Ctrl 4] [Ctrl 5] [ctrl G] 
[Ctrl 7] [Ctrl 8] " , INT(RND{11 
*7)+l,l) 

1020 FOR I =0TO5: PRINT: NEXT 

1080 PRINT" [10 space] [Ctrl 9] 

[shift British pound] (C= *] 

1090 PRINT-19 space] [Ctrl 9] 
[shift British pound] 
[2 space] [C= ♦] 

1100 PRINT"[8 space] [Ctrl 9] 
[shift British pound] 
[4 space] [C= *] 

1110 PRINT" [■? space] [Ctrl 9] 

[shift British pound] [shift R] 
[shift F] [shift *] [shift *] 
[shift F) [shift R] (C= *] 

1120 PRINT" (6 space] [Ctrl 9] 
[shift British pound] 
[space] [shift R] [shift F] 
[shift *] [shift *■] [shift F] 
[shift R] [space] [C= *] 

1130 PRINT" [5 space] [Ctrl 9] 

(shift British pound] [2 space] 
[shift E] [shift D] [C= R] 
[shift C] [shift D] [shift E] 
[2 space] tC= *] 

1140 PRINT" [4 space] [Ctrl 9] 
[shift British pound] 
[5 space] [C= Q] [shift F] 
[shift R) [shift K! [3 space] 
(C= *] 

1150 PRINT" [3 space) (Ctrl 9] 

[shift British pound) (6 space] 
[C= *] [7 space] tC= *] 

1160 PRINT" [2 space) [Ctrl 9) 
[shift British pound] 
[16 space] [C= *] 

1170 PRINT" [2 space] [18 C= T) 



1180 PRINT" [2 spacejVICIOOS LUCRICIOUS 

1190 PRINT 

1200 PRINT 

1210 PRINT" [HOME] " ; 

1220 FOR 1=0 TO 6: PRINT: NEXT 

1290 PRINT" [10 space] [Ctrl 9] 

[shift N] [shift M] 
1300 PRINT" [9 space] [ctrl 9] [shift N] 

[2 space] [shift M] 
1310 PRINT" [8 space] [ctrl 9] [shift N) 

[4 space] [shift M] 
1320 PRINT" [7 space] [ctrl 9) [shift N] 

[shift R] [shift F) [shift ') 

[shift •] [shift F] 

[shift R] [shift M] 
1330 PRINT" [6 space] [Ctrl 9) [shift Nl 

[space] [shift R] [shift F] 

[shift *] [shift *] [shift F] 

[shift R] [space] [shift M] 
1340 PRINT" [5 space] [ctrl 9] [shift N] 

(2 space] [shift E] [shift D] 

[C= R) [shift C] [shift D] 

[shift E] [2 space] [shift M] 
1350 PRINT"14 space) [Ctrl 9] [shift N] 

[5 space] [C= Q] [sllif t F] 

[shift R] [shift K) 

[3 space] [shift M) 
1360 PRINT" [3 space) [Ctrl 9] [shift N] 

[6 space] IC= *] 

[7 space] (shift M) 
1370 PRINT" [2 space] [Ctrl 9) (shift N] 

[16 space] [shift H] 
1380 PRINT" [2 space] [18 C= T] 
1390 PRINT" [2 space]VICIOUS LUCRICIOUS 
1400 PRINT: PRINT" 
1420 NEXT 
1430 PRINT" [23 down) [5 crsr right] 

HELLO THERE[23 crsr down]" 
1440 GOTOIOOO 

end of line. 




Fi]Lr[J Qnltj Dn Tde 

Spinrerl 

All of the programs found here in PRG 
can also be found on the Spinner. Plus 
Tlie Extras! 



The Extras are programs that didn't tit 
into the Flyer whether there was not 
enough space or the programs are just too 
lt)ng to be typcins. 

Here is a hsi of tho.se PRG not found 
wiiliin the pages of dieHard. 

ArchivcrI28 

by Ross Chercdnik 

Archiverl28 must be tlie world's 
slowest copier. In ahout tlircc hours, 
you can copy one side of a 1541/71 disk 
to or from a partition of a 158 1 disk! Tm 
brain damaged so I can use it and not 
have to make excuses about it. Ii ha.s 
been useful in the way that its name 
indicates. (Kind of one of those April 
Fools extras!) 

Copybootl28 

by Ross Cherednik 

Copy boot 128 copies the boot sector of 
a disk to another. It does not allocate tlie 
boot sector in the BAM of the target disk, 
due to a bug in early 157 Ts. I tliink this 
bug was llxcd with the new ROMs. I do 
my allocations with a disk editor. 

l{ootcheckl28 

by Ross Cherednik 

llootclieckI28 checks to see if a disk is 
autohoot or not. It is nice enough to tell 
you the result. 

Tiperite Vl.O 

by John Green 

Tiperite Vl.O is the dieHard PRG 
entry program that allows you to enter Uie 
programs in PRG and check the accuracy 
of your typing. 

READY. 



dieHard April 1994 B 



Trader'^ Comer 



Got something to trade? Need something? Try hcrt;. Maybe one of our 
readers has jusl what you're looking for. Or perhaps Ihey waul what you 
liiive. Tiiider's Corner is free to sulistribers looking to tniile or buy only. 
TCs will he listed for three tnonihs. Clas-iified ads lire availidile for $0.25 
per worii. To respond tu a Trader's Corner ad, pleaic write to diiilarti, 
Trader's Corner, P.O. Box 392, Boise, ID, 83701-0392. Be sure to juclude 
the nainc and number of the person to whom you are writing. 

¥/anted: Transactor MagayJnes, Comniaiidei- Magazine.^, Qu-tridges for 
I'lu.sM, C16, VIC20. CBM4O40. SujierPKT .sy.siem ilisk.s. DLC SOIMKXK). 
¥/anIed: Fleet System 3 or 4 spell checking disk. I liave the 
tlocument;iIion but need Ihe di.*. Riehard W. Herbert #C(XHii55, 

Wmled: Working copy of Addison- Westley's THIi HOBBIT to restore 
side A of my original disk. Side B and docs an not nece&sary. G.M. 
Walter, Jr«C00.S47S. 

Wanted: !A)oking for a copy i>f Lotlutf iiiigli sell's liook, 'The Advanced 

Machine Language Bixik for the Coiiuiiodore 64" (jniblished by Abacu.s but 

now out of print). D;uTen I'. Tolgiirdy #C001KK3. 

Wanted: Owners Maiiu;il/instructiuii inanuaJ lor the Xctcc Super Graphic 

Jr. David Lyons #CO(K)438. 

Waded: C or Pascal compiles for the C64/128 that wasn't made by 

Abacus. ]obCacka#CO(T0278. 

Wanted: Commodore Interfacing Blue Book or any books on juterfacing 

project. Brad Howard «C(H) 1 266. 

To Traxk: I have a I52.'v commodore printer. Will uade lor idmost 

;ui\thing. William livaius #0002686. 

Wanted: A good genealogy (famdy U-ee) program. I prefer one that will 

do hnth aiicestrv' and descendants without having to re-enter the same data, 

William Rvans #Ct.i026S6. 

//anted: Softw^ire to convert Cardco Wnler-Now I'RG files lo S!iG ASCII 

nies. Dennis Olivares #C00O734. 

Wanted: 1 am looking for an 8k expander for a VIC 20. Hd Bittiek 
#Cf)04253. 

Wanied: 1 am looking for C and Pascal compilers tor tlie C64 or CI 28 

other than those made by Ahacu.?. If anybody has a datasette that they want 

to.<icll. I will pay S25 including s&h for it. Job Cacka #C000278, 

Wanted: Copy of V.G. Data Shack Parallel Copier Superfast File Backup 

And Utilities VI.O. J:uues R. Cottnll #C006I74, 

Wanted: The Home Computer Wars by Michael Tornc/.yk (Computer 

Publicaiiuni. out of print). Jim McParland #C003352. 

To Trade: Want C64 programs Sim City and/or Pipe Dreams for club 

library. Must include complete docs. Will exchange for new copy of The 

Write Stuff w/manual or Spellchcckcr upgrade w/maaual or SIO cash. 

UPCHUG. 

Wanted: Pictionary (64 version) by Brt>derhunk, PliinelJ'all by iiifocom, 
and Street Rod by California Dreams. Nonis El wood WCOOOl 10. 

7/anted: A prograjn for recoding and tracking stocks in a portfolio that 
is userfnendly. Roben H. HoUis #C0O4191, 

7/anted: A copy of Utile Computer People, loan B. Nickol #C004686. 

Wanted: Aprospand Cartridge Expander to use with my C12S. Marty 

Boyaji;ui #C00.1357, 

Wanted: Instructions lor the 1750 Super Clone M2 K RAM by Software 

Support and Commodore 1750 RAM Expansion Module, 511K. for the 

C128. L..\I. Reiiihow.ski #C0002IO. 

Wanted: Copy of book "Machine l^iguage Prograrmtiing for 

Beginners", It may have originally come from Compute, Bob Cameron 
#aX)79U8 



Wanted: Complete Commodore Inner Sjiace Anthology by Hildon/Vic 

& C64 Tool Kit:Busic:Kernid by Hecb/Commander mag. lul IJuffy 

#CO05882 

Wanted: AiiyGeoworld di.sk from #10 ? JimCh;mce HCf)05853 

Wanted: GliORAM or luiy RliU Kam expansion for my 128, new or 

used. Riuidy McWikon fiCO03958 

¥/anted: RAM drive, RAM link, GI-DS I2S. Need info on how to use 

a PaniKonic KX P2I23 so ii will not advjuice the extra line. I'm using 

Super Grafihix with my 128, William Widcott Jr. SC0005.'i2 

Wanted: Teknika Monitor MJ-22. RCG/COMPOSlTii. Also, 

BolxsTeriii Pro I2H wilh m;uiu;d, ChessnuLsler 210(1 willi manuid. Liuiy 

Pankey #C0(10H7 

Wanted: L'i2l) plotter; have iiianiuJ and can get jxipcr and pins ;ls well 

;ls cjirindges for VIC- 20. W;uren Irwin «C1)05712 

V/anlcd; V.G, Data Shack Par;d!el Copier Superfikst Tile Backup and 

Utilities Version 1.0 from V.G. D;Ua Shack in Bros.sard, (Juebec, Canada, 

Jim Cotu-ill #C006174 

Wanted: CIVM soitw;ue for 0128, .'i.2.'i" disks, commercial programs, 

used or new with iiumuals. Alan S. Brown #C0O3277 

Wanted: IVogram disk for Fleet System 4 to use as a backup lor my 

giHid, working copy. Aiteiiucs Kichtirdson #C(X)3063 

Wanted: A copy of majiuid or iiistnictioiis for "Road Search C64". I 

have the disk but need the manual and would be willing to pay for a copy 

(even a copied version) as well as postage. Gilbert Wt)/ni;ik llCOilll^ 1 

Wanted: Checktxiok program for the CI 28, as 1 liave similar 

progriuns th;it run on the C64 ;uid now have a Ci28, liJward I'. Hcrpel, 

Jr. #C0O.'i267 

V/anled: liitormation or plans to build a plotter toi tlie C64. Brad 
Howard, SCOOl 265 

Wanted: Info on a copy or backup program "The Solution" put out by 
V.G, Data Shack? William J. Hidl, ttcamm 

Wanted: Interested in two old ptogratiLs - "Demon Dialer' and the 
'1.;ls1 One". Are these two programs stdl available'.' If so, where can I 
get one or both of them? l;uiies Lee, #C002832 



Classifieds 



Per Sale: COMIC BOOK COLLECTION PROGRAM: Catalogs, 
ijvalualcs, siorcs, and [jrims oui your collection, "Writieti by a coijiii; fan 
and CoinnuHliirc user since 19K5, Disk - .ST.-'iO. Randy McVVilsoii, 
POBdx 1 H), JacLsoti, mo, 63755. 

Per Sale: Like-tie w C12SD computers with built-in 1571 disk drive 
and detachable keyboard. Nu tnanuals. 30-day guaniniee. S159-h$]() 
shipping (coiitiiicnial U.S.). Some Aniitia, IBM, Apple, atid Maehitosh 
also. Excellent prices. Si lor Bid list: Computer Bargain Siore, 3.^66 
South 23(M) East, Salt L:ike Cily, Utah 84109. Voice (S()l) 4f)6-8(lK4 
- 4-7PM Mountain Time Zone. FAX (801 ) 486-9128 - 24 hours. 

FcE- Sale: C64, 1541 drive. 1525 printer, C2N cassette. Package 
VIC20, cassette package. Call (ft05) 886-8532 or write Hupo L;u-son, 
212 5lh Ave NW, Watatuwn, South Dakula 57201 -233K. 



I .34 diellafd April ]~ 




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4/94 



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4/94 



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#1 May 92 HardCnre 


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#2 Jun92 Wrlrs, Hrgrs, Ctrmn 


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#3 J/A92 Oops! 


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m ]aji93 Hislorvin™)! 


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#7 Feb 93 Computer Cipher 


$195 


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#10 May 93 The Advs Ur Mag! 


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#11 J/J 93 


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m Nov 93 


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dieHard 

the flyer for commodore Sbiiters 

Back Issues!!!! 



#1* May '92 Hardcore $3.50 
Tins is dieH(ird\ [)n;micr issue printed out of 
Brian L Croslhwaile's basement on :m MPS 
1270 Inkjet printer! HighUghts: SAVE® 
bug, Lois of Pokes and PeeLs, Program, and 
l!ic editorial concept heliind dieHard. 

#2* Jun '92 Writers. Programmer, 
Coiintiymeu $3.50 

Highlights: word processing tips, GEOS tips, 
review of Visible Solar System, Progriuiis, 
and Pokes und Pecks. 

#3* Jul/Aug '92 Oops! $4.50 
Higbligliis: review of Tlie Final Cartridge HE, 
review of Turtle Graphics 11, Puter 
Mirth, PAPSAW, and Programs. 

#4* Oct '92 Pumpkin $3.50 

Hig blights: review of LOADSTAR. 

PAPSAW, review of Pole I'osition, 

Q&As, and Prognuiis. 

#5* Nov/Dec '92 geolssue $3.50 

Higliligbts: Commodore Trivia, jjeoTips, 
>;eoTutoriaLs, review of (laleWay, review 
of DI':SKT01' 1.5. Q&A, and the DOS 

wedge. 

#6* Jan '93 Histon' in 3001 $2.95 
Hij;bliglits: datassctie backup. Programs, User 
Groups, PAPSAW, review of Hearsay 1(X)0, 
Q&A, and Commodore Trivia. 




#7* Feb '93 Computer Cipher $2.95 
Highlij;hts: j;eoTips, review of The Uuel: 
Test Drive [I, review of Super Kxpiindtr 
64, Q&A, Programs, and PAPSAW. 

#8* Miu- '93 Script $2.95 
Higbligbts: review of leoiiTrollcr, }"»="'''ip''. 
I'Al'SAVV, review of Top 2(( Solid (ioiil, 
Q&A. and Programs. 

#9* Apr '93 TfieLast Flyer $2.95 
llijibligbts; review of Mojo Mag, geoTips, 
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# 10 May '93 The Adventures of Laser 
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#1 IJiin/JuI '93 The Connection! 
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Highlights: review of The Simpsons Arcade 
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#12 Aug '93 Special PD Issue $2.95 
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#13 Sep '93 Plug In! $2.95 
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#15 Nov '93 Gobble, Gohblel $2.95 

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#16 Dec '93 Meny Chri.WnasH $2.95 
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#17 Jaii/Fcb '94 Killer GEOS Issue! 

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